´Title I: Commodities -
´Provides farm payments when crop prices or revenues decline for major commodity crops, including wheat, corn, soybeans, peanuts, and rice. Includes disaster programs to help livestock and tree fruit producers manage production losses due to natural disasters.
´Other support includes margin coverage program for dairy and marketing quotas, minimum price guarantees, and import barriers for sugar.
´Title II: Conservation (since 1985) -
´Provides assistance to agricultural producers in addressing environmental resource concerns on private land through land retirement, conservation easements, working lands assistance, and partnership opportunities.
´Contracts with owners of highly vulnerable lands, taking the land out of production to save soil, protect rivers/streams/drinking water
´Title III: Trade -
´Supports U.S. agricultural export programs and international food assistance programs
´Major programs include those that support agricultural trade promotion and facilitation and international food aid. Other provisions address program changes related to World Trade Organization obligations.
´Title IV: Nutrition, largest title
´Provides nutrition assistance for low-income households through programs including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) and The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP).
´Title V: Credit -
´Offers direct government loans to farmers/ranchers and guarantees on private lenders' loans. Eligibility rules and policies prioritize and increase assistance for beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers
´Title VI: rural development -
´Supports rural business and community development programs. Establishes planning, feasibility assessments, and coordination with other local, state, and federal programs. Programs include grants and loans for infrastructure, economic development, broadband, and telecommunications
´ensure the "public good" services provided in rural settings
´Title VII, Research, Extension, and Related Matters
´Supports a wide range of agricultural research and extension programs that expand academic knowledge about agriculture and food and help farmers and ranchers become more efficient, innovative, and productive.
´ Title VIII, Forestry
´ Supports the management of public and private forest land through research, financial and technical assistance, and policy amendments.
´Title IX, Energy:
´Encourages the development of farm and community renewable energy systems through grants, loan guarantees, and feedstock procurement initiatives. Provisions cover the production, marketing, and processing of biofuels and biofuel feedstocks, and research, education, and demonstration programs.
´Title X: horticulture
´Supports specialty crops, including fruits, vegetables, tree nuts, and nursery products, through market promotion, plant pest and disease prevention, and research. Provides assistance to support certified organic agricultural production and locally produced foods, and authorizes a regulatory framework for the cultivation of hemp
´Title XI: crop insurance (since 1938)
´Amends the permanently authorized federal crop insurance program that offers subsidized policies to farmers to protect against losses in yield, crop revenue, or whole farm revenue. - subsidized and mandatory crop insurance
´Title XII: miscellaneous
´Covers other programs and assistance, including livestock and poultry disease preparedness and animal health. Includes programs for beginning farmers and ranchers and limited-resource and socially disadvantaged farmers.