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Public Health Presentation Questions
Terms in this set (41)
True/False Mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis often form after the development of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
What is the main way leishmaniasis is transmitted in endemic countries?
B: horizontal transmission
C: vertical transmission
D: all of the above
Select all that apply: practices which can help decrease the spread of leishmaniasis in humans.
A: Improving infrastructure like drying of earthen floor in houses and improved barriers between homes
B. prophylactic vaccination
C: Use of insect nets to prevent bites during sleeping hours
D: Use of insecticides containing DEET
E. Sleeping with windows open so that sandflies are able to leave the room
A, C, D
What three bacteria are most often isolated from dog bites?
Pasteurella, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus species
Which of the following is not a benefit of the Human-pet relationship?
A. Improved independence
B. Provides social support
C. Decreased animal welfare awareness
D. Higher physiological health
animals that provide affection and comfort to individuals in hospitals, nursing homes, and other facilities
Dog that has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability
animals that have been recommended by a doctor and appointed to provide assistance for psychological conditions.
emotional support animal
1. In which ways can roundworms be transmitted to people? (select all that apply)
A. Person to person contact
B. Eating undercooked rabbit
C. Playing in dirt that is contaminated with embryonated eggs
D. Through aerosolized droplets
Which of the following is not a form of toxocara clinical disease?
A. Visceral larval migrans
B. Muscular larval migrans
C. Ocular larval migrans
What age group is most likely to be infected with toxocariasis?
A. Teenagers (12-16 years of age)
B. Adults (20-50 years of age)
C. Young children (<8 years of age)
D. Senior citizens (65+ years of age)
You can most effectively diagnose cysticercosis (larvae within the body) with:
A - CT Scan
B - blood work
C - visual inspection
Which of these is NOT a symptom of cysticercosis in humans?
A - muscular pseudohypertrophy
B - abdominal pain
C - muscle cramps
Which of these will work to prevent infection with Taenia solium?
A - cooking whole meat until 60͒ F is reached
B - eating raw pork meat
C - cooking ground meat until 160͒͒ F is reached
What is the greatest risk with feeding pets raw meat-based diets from a One Health standpoint?
A. Asymptomatic shedding of infectious pathogens
B. Internal perforations or obstructions
C. Pancreatitis from a high fat content
D. Nutritional imbalances
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of a raw meat-based diet?
A. Increased digestibility
B. Prevents contamination with pathogens/other contaminants
C. Improves cleanliness of teeth
D. Boost the human-animal bond
The prevalence of Salmonella in home-prepared raw meat-based diets is:
Which response is closest to the fatality rate of Naegleria fowleri?
Naegleria fowleri infections most commonly occur via what route?
What water source has the highest potential of Naegleria fowleri infection?
A. Hot spring
What is the most common bacterial species found in a cat's mouth?
Where is the most common place to be bit by a cat?
After a cat bite, one should:
A. See how deep the wounds are before deciding what protocol should be followed.
B. Leave it alone, as the puncture wounds are commonly small and heal without intervention.
C. Pursue treatment only if swelling occurs.
D. See a physician as soon as possible and get on antibiotics.
What is the most common clinical sign with congenital Zika syndrome
C) Club foot
D) Eye damage
What is the gold standard for diagnosing Zika virus
B) IgM testing
Zika virus can be transmitted by all of the following EXCEPT
A.) By an infected Aedes species mosquito
B.) Sexual transmission
C.) Blood transfusion
D.)Vertically from mother to offspring
E.) All of the following are means of transmission
Who is more likely to be bitten by a dog?
A. Children under the age of 10
B. Elderly out for a walk
C. Adults who come in contact with animals regularly
Which diseases are Dogs reservoirs for
A. Pasteurella multocida
B. Capnocytophaga canimorous
C. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius
E. All of the above
What should you do if you get bit by a dog?
A. Run away and panic
B. Copious lavage and get cultures taken if it becomes infected
C. Leave it alone and don't mess with it.
D. Assume rabies and get post exposure prophylaxis
Which statement or statements are true regarding transmission of Giardia?
a. Fecal-oral is a route of transmission
b. Waterborne transmission is common.
c. Respiratory secretions can infect an individual.
d. Options a and b are both true.
Which of the following is a way to prevent and control transmission of giardia?
a. Get the vaccine to prevent infection.
b. Boil water from a nearby river during a camping trip before you drink it.
c. Fully cook meat pork products before consuming.
d. Options a and c are both ways to prevent and control giardia transmission.
Which of the following is a risk factor for clinical disease or infection with giardia?
a. Daycare and institutionalized settings
c. Contaminated water contact
d. All of the previous options are correct.
Human are _____ hosts for Baylisascaris procyonis?
D. They are not hosts
Adult Baylisascaris procyonis can produce up to how many egg per day?
A. 100 eggs/day
B. 1,500 eggs/day
C. 150,000 eggs/day
D. 1,000,000 eggs/day
Baylisascaris procyonis infective eggs remain viable in the environment for how long?
A. 4 weeks
B. 1 year
C. 5 years
D. 10 years
The orf virus replicates in what tissue:
c. Skeletal muscle
d. All of the above
Which of the following is not a transmission route for orf virus?
a. Direct contact with infected animals
b. Handling fomites such as shearing equipment
c. Human to human transmission
d. Nursing lambs through infected teats
e. None of the above
Where are Orf lesions typically found on humans?
b. Hands and forearms
e. All of the above
What is the major source of exposure of Leptospirosis to humans?
a. Direct fecal-oral
b. Indirect urine contact
c. Direct respiratory secretion contact
d. Indirect hair contact
Maintenance hosts of leptospirosis are infected primarily via indirect transmission.
The main exposure of leptospirosis to humans is from which animal?
a. Domesticated dog
d. Brown rat
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