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Motor Learning Practice Test
Terms in this set (51)
True or False: Goals for the learner should be set by the movement practitioner alone
True or False: 1. Movement practitioners should encourage learners to set performance goals rather than outcome goals.
True or False: 1. The best learning experiences are those that are least similar to the movement component of the target skill and target context.
True or False: Near transfer is learning fundamental motor skills to be used later in rugby
True or False: The autonomous stage of learning is very verbal
True or False: Gains in the motor stage of learning are larger and quicker compared to those in the other stages.
True or False: Process measures indicate something about the quality of the movement being produced.
True or False: Using less energy to perform a task is one product of learning.
True or False: Increased reaction time is one product of learning.
True or False: To ensure the validity of the process measures, the assessment should accurately reflect the critical elements of the target behavior.
True or False: An open skill is performed in an environment that is predictable or
stationary and allows performers to plan their movement in advance.
True or False: 1. Active guidance preserves the relative timing pattern and feel of the target skill
True or False: Skill learning can be measured and observed directly.
True or False: Physical guidance can be detrimental to skill performance due to its effect of dependency on the performer.
True or False: Absolute retention test procedure involves a pretest, an intervention phase, and a posttest.
True or False: Inter-task transfer is used to determine the performance of a given motor skill under different environmental conditions.
True or False: Bilateral transfer effect is commonly seen in those sports that require proficient use of symmetrically opposite limbs
True or False: A performance curve is an illustration of changes in performance over time or trials.
True or False: Motor skill learning can be directly observed and measured.
True or False: Performance outcome alone can provide the coach or teacher with complete information about the progress of performance
True or False: Transfer of learning can be positive or negative.
True or False: Varied practice makes practice more difficult but enhances the learning of multiple skills.
True or False: Parameterization is the process of selecting a specific parameter, such as force or movement time to meet a particular environmental demand.
True or False: Retrieval practice occurs more frequently during blocked practice than during random practice.
True or False: Specific practice allows performers to adapt their movements to meet varying environmental demands.
True or False: Contextual interference is higher for random practice than for
True or False: Mass practice leads to early fatigue and thus degrades learning of continuous skills more than discrete skills.
True or False: Distributed practice involves a greater amount of rest and thus enhances performance of skills that require speed or high intensity.
True or False: Intrinsic feedback is also called inherent feedback that relies on sensory information about a natural consequence of producing a movement
True or False: Augmented feedback is usually provided prior and during performance of a skill.
True or False: Knowledge of results is frequently redundant with intrinsic feedback and thus promotes skill learning.
True or False: Knowledge of performance enhances skill learning because it provides useful information about the process and quality of movement production.
True or False: One of the major concerns of providing feedback is that the performer may learn to depend on it.
True or False: Providing more frequent feedback to the performer enhances learning but degrades performance.
True or False: During early stage of learning, physical educators provide more frequent but uneven feedback to performers.
True or False: KR is more interesting and motivating but can be distractive sometimes.
True or False: KP is more meaningful and productive but can be challenging sometimes.
True or False: Descriptive feedback enhances skill performance whereas suggestive feedback promotes skill learning
True or False: Providing feedback immediately after completion of performance promotes development of error detection capability and thus enhances skill learning.
True or False: Average feedback is beneficial to skill learning than summary feedback.
What are the two most common forms of augmented feedback used in physical education and sports?
Knowledge of results and knowledge of performance
What are the functions of feedback?
information, reinforcement, motivation, and attentional focus
What is bandwidth feedback?
given only when performance is outside a given error range
According to Fitts & Posner (1967), motor skill learning can be divided
cognitive, associative, and autonomous
What is the center of focus of the verbal cognitive stage?
What are two important performance characteristics associated with the verbal
frequent stops and various errors
What are two important performance characteristics associated with the second stage of learning?
Higher accuracy and higher consistency
What is the center of focus of the third stage of learning?
Making adjustments according to the demands of a changing environment?
How to properly set goals?
Challenge, Attainable, Realistic, Specific
What are two of the practical concerns about goal setting?
performance vs outcome goals and individual vs team goals
What is one major concern about providing feedback?
Dependency of feedback for the performer
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