80 terms

Civil Air patrol

State the CAP motto
"Semper vigilans" (Always Vigilant)
Recite the cadet oath
"I pledge to serve faithfully in the Civil Air Patrol Cadet Program and that I will attend meetings regularly, participate actively in unit activities, obey my officers, wear my uniform properly and advance my education and training rapidly to prepare myself to be of service to my community, state and nation."
Identify duties and responsibility's of new cadets.
The duties and responsibilities of new cadets are, learning basic drill movements, how to report properly, how to fall in properly to a unit formation, and get to know the members of your unit.
Identify characteristics of good followership
The characteristics of good followership are, respect for authority, attitude, integrity, and self discipline.
Describe why cadets first meed to learn how to follow
Cadets first need to first learn to follow because they need you understand why you are told to do things.
Identify effective listening skills
The effective listening skills are,
• keep an open mind.
• listen to understand, not to argue or challenge.
• Listen to what the speakers trying to say not how the speaker says it.
• Take notes with care.
• Make and usually hold eye contact.
• Keep your feelings positive.
• Listen to new ideas and pass them on.
Define self management in your own words
People need to manage themselves, their time, resources, and energy to be successful.
Iist good study habits
Decide when to study.
• Choose a quiet place to study.
• Have good lighting.
• Have tools needed.
• Undivided attention.
• Scan and survey material.
• Underline and highlight important ideas.
• Complete material.
• Answer any review questions.
• Reread to clear up any misunderstandings.
• 5 minute break every hour doing exercises
• Review constantly.
Name and describe the 3 missions of C.A.P
The 3 missions of CAP are aerospace education, emergency services
the Cadet program.
-to promote an understanding and appreciation of the impact of aviation and aerospace in our everyday lives.

Emergency Services -covers search and rescue, homeland security, disaster relief, life support activities, and emergency communications.

Aerospace Education -Drived from ground school and military drill.
Define chain of command and explain why its useful.
. The definition of "chain of command" is the order of authority. It is useful because it describes specific functions and levels of responsibility.
Name the people in your chain of command
Cadet flight commander- 1st LT. matt ten Eyck
Cadet first Sergeant-C/MSgt Hayley M Weir
Cadet deputy commander- C/Capt Catherine K McCaw
Cadet commander- C/Capt Ian Tappan
Recognize cap insignias
Explain the differences between costumes and courtesies.
The difference between customs and courtesies is...

A custom is a thing that should be done.
A courtesy is simple politeness or respect.
Explain why the military and cap practice costumes and courtesies
The military and CAP both still use customs and courtesies because it is respectful to all higher or lower ranked people.
Define when and how the cap uniform is worn according to CAPM 39-1
Explain the purpose of drill
The purpose of drill is primarily to learn teamwork.
chapter 2
Describe the basic duties of assistant element leaders.
The duties and responsibility of the assistant element leader are to help the element leader, to take charge when the element leader is gone, help train the element. You may get asked to check attendance, ensure element members take tests on time, or train new cadets on customs and courtesies.
chapter 2
Define integrity why is it important to CAP
Integrity is striking to a code of moral values, honesty, and doing what's right even when no one is looking. It is important to CAP because the Civil Air Patrol cannot function without it and every one is relying on you to do your part. Integrity makes your word solid.
chapter 2
Describe why attitudes are important to leaders.
Attitudes are important to leaders because you must develop a positive attitude, then pass it on. If you constantly promote a healthy and constructive attitude for yourself it will spread to those you lead.
chapter 2
Describe why self-discipline is important to leaders
Self discipline is important to leaders because if you learn it its a building block for a thing called group discipline. Group discipline is where units must act together as if they were a single unit.
chapter 2
Identify 3 ways customs and courtesies contribute to the squadron.
Customs and courtesies contribute to the squadron in a lot of ways
1.During to the colors when you salute the flag that is a custom and a courtesy it shows declaration of loyalty to the United States and to the principles of liberty and justice. and in that it helps your squadron
2.rendering courtesies smartly and correctly usually shows conscious or unconscious disrespect or lack of training.
3. the simplest expression of military courtesy [the salute] has a much larger significance
chapter 2
List and explain the elements of communication
Sending messages and receiving messages. The messages could be thought of feelings. the smooth flow of ideas up and down the chain of command makes your unit function
chapter 2
List the barriers to communication and list ways to overcome them.
You must be able to speak and write well. You also need to be able to interview and facilitate a staff meeting. Also ways that work with one element may not work with another.
chapter 2
Identify differences between Air Force and CAP uniforms
Only the distinctive CAP insignia distinguishes you as a part of the Air Force Auxiliary
chapter 2
Describe the various methods by which the flag is shown respect to include:
a) When in uniform and in formation
b) When in uniform but not in formation
c) when in uniform indoors
d) when in civilian or athletic attire
(a) The commander faces the unit towards the flag or music.
(b) You come to attention, face the flag in the ceremony and salute.
(c) Face the flag, stand at attention, do not salute unless under Arms.
(d) Take the same action as if in uniform. Except you salute it differently. Men remove their caps with right hand and hold the hat at their left shoulder with right hand over their hart. Women and men stand at attention and place right hand over their hart.
Chapter 3
Describe the basic duties of a cadet NCO
1. The role of a cadet NCO is to make the chain of command work.
Chapter 3
Identify the 3 overlapping traits of follower ship and explain each.
2. The 3 overlapping traits of followership are loyalty, integrity, and self discipline.

Loyalty-putting your units needs ahead of your own needs

Integrity- is honesty and doing what's right even when no one is looking.

Self discipline- makes all others work together. You place the unit above your self.
Chapter 3
Explain how questioning orders can help you become a better leader
Questioning your leader can help you become a better leader by thinking and saving your leader from mistakes of commission and omission.
Chapter 3
Define the term delegation
The term delegation means like if a boss has a lot of work to do he can give parts of it to other people trusting them to get it done but if its not done it doesn't relieve you or the boss.
Chapter 3
Describe why leaders need to control there emotions and their behavior.
Leaders need to control there emotions and behavior because what you might feel u can inflict it on others by your actions
Chapter 3
Define the NCO support channel how does it supports the squadron
5. The NCO support channel makes the chain of command work. The chain of command is succession of commanding officers.
Chapter 3
List the members of the NCO support channel and briefly explain the responsibilities associated with each position.
The members of the NCO support channel are the first sergeant, the flight sergeant, and the element leader.
First sergeant- is the most reliable position with the highest leadership qualities of any NCO in the cadet structure. The first sergeant over sees routine activities such as inspections, training, attendance and the cadets progress. The first sergeant also counsels and guides on typical questions about the CAP cadet program and unit procedures.

Flight sergeant-Is the key person in the unit. It is normal for the flight sergeant to act as the first commander when the first commander is gone. When the flight commander is present the flight sergeant acts as a key assistant to the flight commander. Tasks include conducting inspections, teaching how to wear the uniform properly, customs and courtesies, discipline, drill and gathering info from the element leader.

Element leaders-are responsible for knowing where the members of their element are both when present or absent from unit activities. They also correct them on personal appearance. NCO's must learn about the needs of their people. The questions they ask are these.

• What can each cadet do?
• What parts of the next achievement have each cadet done?
• Do the cadets need tutoring?
• Have they done their mile run?
• Do they have a ride to the next activity/meeting?
Chapter 3
Identify what a standard is and give an example of a standard and explain why it is useful.
A standard is a measure of what a thing should be. A benchmark a yardstick, it's a rule or principle used in judgment.
Chapter 3
Identify what the greatest barrier to communication.
. The greatest barrier to communication is lack of common core of experience
Chapter 3
Describe 3 ways to reduce barriers to communication.
The speaker and listener both need to have same experience before the words they say are understood by each other. You must carefully distinguish between words and the objects or ideas they represent.
Chapter 3
Give an example illustrating fact/word relationship.
. Fact of change
Fact of differences
Fact-word relationship
Chapter 3
Explain what it is meant by a 2 valued term give an example of one.
What is not good must be bad is an example of a two valued term a two valued term is a term that has only 2 values.
Chapter 3
Identify the basic steps used in the demonstration/ performance teaching technique.
The demonstration - performance teaching technique
• State the name of the movement to be executed and explain its purpose.
• Give the command to be used and identify its parts, the preparatory command and the command of execution
• Show the movement to the formation using the proper cadence and commands. Also show procedures for each unit if such procedures vary.
• State what drill position you must be in before starting the movement. For example the requirement for Forward MARCH is to be at attention. You cannot march forward directly from the position of Parade REST.
• Explain and show the movement slowly in detail.
• Ask questions on the movement, then show it again as in the 3rd step above.
• Instruct the formation on how they will do the movement. (as an individual, flight, element, by the numbers, ect.)
• Critique the performance of the movement and review important areas before going on to the next movement.
Chapter 3
Explain why the demonstration / performance teaching technique can be successful in training new cadets
It can be helpful because it shows them what they have to learn and how to learn it and it can help them learn faster.
Chapter 4
Identify the ABCDs of leadership and describe each.
A Ability to become a leader you must have certain abilities like mental alertness and abstract thoughts.
B Behavior you have to be mature and not make your peers look down on you.
C Characteristics you must have some characteristics like respect for authority, discipline, integrity and loyalty.
D Dynamics you must be accorded the respect and fellowship of the unit.
Chapter 4
Explain how a NCO can have a deul role as a leader and a follower.
You can have a duel role of a follower and a leader when lets say your helping out a cadet with job related problems. But at the same time your coordinating it with your supervisor then your being a follower.
Chapter 4
Compare and contrast the leadership roles played by a cadet NCO and a cadet Officer.
Role of cadet NCO's

Conducts the routine
Business within established
Orders directives, and policies.

Focuses on individual training
To enable the unit to get the job done
Chapter 4
Identify the 7 responsibilities
of a supervisor.
The 7 responsibility's of a supervisor are.
1. putting the right in the right job.
2. simulating the will to work.
3. increasing the ability to produce.
4. increasing the availability for work
5.using individuals fully on essential tasks
6. scheduling subordinate tasks efficiently.
7.reviewing the need for tasks.
Chapter 4
Discuss the elements of listening.
1. Getting ready to listen
2. taking responsibility to comprehend.
Chapter 4
Identify 3 steps that aid in comprehension
1. When you paraphrase.
2. when you check your perceptions with I messages.
3. withholding judgement.
Chapter 4
Identify and describe 3 types of counseling.
The 3 types of counseling are
1. performance counseling- improving or maintaining performance.
2. Career counseling- training, promotions, development of potential.
3. Personal counseling- personal matters such as school or home and transportation matters.
Chapter 4
Describe what feedback is. why is it important to leaders.
Feedback is listing to the audiences reactions to your ideas and speaking them and listening to them.
Chapter 5
Identify and describe the basic duties of a flight sergeant.
.As a flight sergeant u should set an example for professional behavior and have high standards of discipline.
Chapter 5
Define leadership
Book says leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve a common objective goal or mission.

SOP says leadership- the art of influencing and directing people in a way that will win over obedience confidence and loyal cooperation in achieving a common objective
Chapter 5
Identify and describe the 3 basic styles of leadership.
Authoritarian- when u have time limits or when u have to get stuff done fast its technically a commanding prospective.
democratic- when u have like people voting on what u should do (also called participation commanding).
laissez faire- "a permit to do" also a "hands off approach" to the situation.
Chapter 5
Name 4 leadership attributes explain why each of them is important to a leader.
5. The leadership attributes are...
power- the ability to influence events or people, the ability to persuade, motivate, organize
prominence- a reputation where a supervisor will have confidence in you and will delegate more authority to u.
respect- the reputation u earn by completing what u say u will.
awareness-know what's going on around you, be open to what others tell you even when its disagreeable.
Chapter 5
Imagine a leadership situation you have experianced or observed describe the leadership style used any why.
On fun night the first sergeant made us stand at parade rest. This was the authoritarian style of leadership.
Chapter 5
Describe 4 supervisory techniques suitable when delegating assignments to subordinates
. Be sure there is a need for the order.
use the established chain of command
think clearly so that you can issue clear, concise and positive commands.
ask cadets if there is something they didn't get about the task.
Chapter 5
Identify 4 things to keep in mind when you are giving a presentation.
.Know your subject
Be prepared
Chapter 5
Identify and describe 2 basic types of reading comprehension.
. Receptive and reflective.
Chapter 5
Describe techniques you can use to increase your reading speed. if u must choose between speed and comprehension which one should you regard as more important and why?
If u had to choose i would take speed because if u can comprehend more you can read faster.
Chapter 6
Describe the duties of senior grade NCOs. why are they integral to a units success
1. The duties of senior grade NCO's are....
• counsel
• teach
• discipline other cadets properly and effectively.
• Help cadets with moral leadership training
• Perform inspections
• Conduct drill
• Instruct in military courtesy
• Maintain discipline
Chapter 6
Explain what is meant by a defense mechanism.
3.Defense mechanism means defensive behavior defense mechanisms soften failures ease guilt, preserve internal harmony and keep us feeling worthwhile and adequate.
Chapter 6
Describe the duties of a first sergeant.
2. The duties of a first sergeant are...
• you ensure all cadets observe command policies and values of cap
• you will work directly with the cadet unit commander, cadet supervisors and cadets to improve the discipline, welfare, morale and health of enlisted cadets.
Chapter 6
identify and describe 3 defense mechanisms
4. 3 defense mechanisms are
• rationalizing: fooling yourself through twisted logic that your behavior is acceptable .
example: a cadet who is usually late to cap meeting thinks its OK because the cadet usually stays late
• repression: denying painful acts actually exist.
Example: an overweight cadet wearing a smaller uniform.
• Displacement: shifting emotions, attitudes, or fantasies from one person or object to another person or object that is more socially acceptable.
Example: a person who likes street fighting takes up martial arts
Chapter 6
Explain why Abraham Maslow arranged his hierarchy of needs in the form of a pyramid. what does the shape of his model tell us about his theory.
5. Explain why Abraham Maslow arranged his "hierarchy of needs" in the form of a pyramid , what does the form tell us about his theory.
He arranged the needs in to a pyramid because the most are at the bottom and are more urgent. They must be satisfied before satisfying a higher level. Those at the bottom are the basic survival while those at the top are least essential to life and are often weak compared to the bottom ones.
Chapter 6
Identify 5 needs of Maslows hierarchy. give an example of each.
6. The 5 needs in Maslows's hierarchy are...
• physiological needs
• safety
• social needs
• esteem needs
• self actualization
Chapter 6
Describe how logic and emotion can effect communication.
. It can effect you because if you ask a question where it offends them then they won open up to you as much.
Chapter 6
Describe 4 techniques useful in motivating cadets. for each technique name the need the motivation appeals to in Maslows hierarchy.
.Create and keep cadets feeling self confident
give adequate guidance.
let them feel important.
recognize individual differences.
Chapter 6
Explain why recognizing peoples contributions is important to leadership. is recognition particularly important to CAP. why?
Its important because your telling them that i know your there and what your doing is important to me and CAP.
Chapter 6
Identify and describe 3 factors that shape personality.
. The 3 types of personality are
Chapter 6
Define discipline is it synonymous or punishment. why?
. Discipline is the state of order and obedience that is a result of regulations and orders.
Chapter 6
Identify and describe 4 types of discipline. of the 4 which is most important and why.
.The 4 types of discipline are
self discipline
task discipline
group discipline
imposed discipline
Chapter 6
Explain how a leaders example can affect discipline in the unit.
A leaders example can affect the discipline of the unit because if your a bad leader your unit wont take you seriously and they wont respect you.
Chapter 7
discuss how the scope of leadership changes as a cadet NCOs becomes officers.
1.The scope of leadership changes when a senior NCO becomes an officer your not focused on your flight anymore your expanding too all cadets.
Chapter 7
define group as it relates to leadership. describe the characteristics of a formal and informal group.
2."GROUP" is a collection of people having some objective or purpose.
Chapter 7
what is the situational approach to leadership is. whats it based upon.
3.The situational approach to leadership is that you must analyze each situation and choose the action that will accomplish the goal.
Chapter 7
describe 5 criteria when evaluating cadets.
4.the 5 criteria are.
• personal appearance.
• courtesy.
• self-confidence.
• enthusiasm.
• humaneness.
Chapter 7
explain why integrity is considered a keystone in military service.
5.integrity is regarded as a keystone to military service because.s
Chapter 7
explain what it is meant by situational ethics. what criteria is used when making moral decisions when using situational ethics.
6."situational ethics"- you rely on the particular circumstances of a situation for criteria for finding right and wrong.
Chapter 7
discuss the concept of officership.
7. the concept of officership is the blood breath and soal of an institution. CAP
Chapter 7
explain why loyalty is a 2 way street can loyalty be ordered. why?
8. loyalty is a 2 way street because the cadets need to be loyal to there seniors and pass it on the there followers.
Chapter 7
identify the 4 barriers to communication discussed in chapter 7 give an example of each.
9.the 4 barriers to communication are.
• Organizational barriers.
• linguistic barriers.
• psychological barriers
managerial barriers.
Chapter 7
identify and describe the 3 types of non verbal communication describe how each can help or hurt the communication process.
10. 3 types of non-verbal communications are.
• Space
• times
• materials
Chapter 7
identify the 4 zones of interaction are. and describe each.
11.the 4 zones of interaction are.
• intimate zone
• personal zone
• social zone
• public zone