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Terms in this set (22)

Impressionism is a nineteenth-century movement in literature and art which advocated a recording of the artist's personal impressions of the world, rather than a strict representation of reality. Modernism is a term for the bold new experimental styles and forms that swept the arts during the first third of the twentieth century. Naturalism is a nineteenth century literary movement that was an extension of realism and that claimed to portray life exactly as it was. Plain style is a writing style that stresses simplicity and clarity of expression (but will still utilize allusions and metaphors), and was the main form of the Puritan writers. Puritanism is the writing style of America's early English-speaking colonists. It emphasizes obedience to God and consists mainly of journals, sermons, and poems. Rationalism is a movement that began in Europe in the seventeenth century, which held that we can arrive at truth by using our reason rather than relying on the authority of the past, on the authority of the Church, or an institution. It is also called Neoclassicism and the Age of Reason. Realism is a style of writing, developed in the nineteenth century, that attempts to depict life accurately without idealizing or romanticizing it. Regionalism is literature that emphasizes a specific geographic setting and that reproduces the speech, behavior, and attitudes of the people who live in that region. Romanticism is a revolt against Rationalism that affected literature and the other arts, beginning in the late eighteenth century and remaining strong throughout most of the nineteenth century. Surrealism is a movement in art and literature that started in Europe during the 1920s. Surrealists wanted to replace conventional realism with the full expression of the unconscious mind, which they considered to be more real than the "real" world of appearances. Symbolism is a literary movement that originated in late nineteenth century France, in which writers rearranged the world of appearances in order to reveal a more truthful version of reality. Transcendentalism is a nineteenth century movement in the Romantic tradition , which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition, which transcends reasons and sensory experience. Time line: Puritanism (1620-1770s), Neoclassic (1770s-early 1800s), Romanticism (early 1800s-1870s), Realism (1850s-early 1900s), Regionalism (1884-early 1900s), Naturalism (late 1800s-mid 1900s), Modernism (1920s-1945), Post-Modernism (1945-present).