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Chapter 18: Solid waste management and disposal
Terms in this set (49)
______ waste is typically made of objects or particles that accumulate were they are produced.
What is the second most common type of waste in the United States, even though it does not contribute (usually) to the solid waste stream?
Municipal solid waste consists of material people no longer want and can include _______ waste.
When recycling is included in the calculations of net solid waste produced, what is the trend since 1990 in the United States?
The amount has remain roughly stable since 1990
Which of the following statements accurately describes our history of using open dumps?
They were historically the most common method for dealing with waist and are still widely used.
Rainwater and dispose liquid waste, called_______, leak through the buried trash in landfills, transporting particulate matter and pollutants out of the waste.
The number of landfills in the United States is ______.
Burning refuse in a controlled manner is called
The refuse-derived fuel and mass burn incineration methods different in that the refuse-derived fuel method involves _____
First removing certain materials before combustion, whereas nearly everything is put in the furnace in the mass burn method.
Ash from incinerators has high levels of dioxins, Duran's, and other ______ materials, which is a concern for the population surrounding the incinerator.
The reprocessing of discarded materials into new, useful products is _____
The biological integration or breakdown of organic matter, such as lawn clippings and leaves, under aerobic conditions is called ______
Why do cities and towns want more people to compost their organic waste (e.g.,yard clippings)?
Composting reduces the cost of waste disposal, but compost material, while useful, has only a modest market value.
The amount of e-waste is ______
Increasing rapidly every year and therefore is adding to the amount of hazardous materials exposed to the environment
Since the amount of e-waste is growing, disposal of e-waste will become ______
An even bigger problem as the amount of waste and toxic materials generated increases right
The practice of designing, manufacturing, purchasing, using, and reusing material so that the amount and toxicity of waste is reduced is called _____ reduction.
As a consumer, you can significantly reduce waste by purchasing _______.
-Only what is necessary
-Items with reduced packaging
-Items in bulk
A glass soda bottle is return to a factory, cleaned, and refilled. This is an example of ________.
What advantages are there in reusing and refilling glass or plastic bottles?
-Reusing some plastic reduces the amount of remelting of plastics required and recycling and test reduces the amount of hazardous chemicals released.
-Local communities benefit because the economics of transportation requires connecting, cleaning, and refilling to be done locally.
Recycling reduces the need for _______ by removing that material from the waste stream.
Which of the following statements accurately describe trends in dealing with waste in America?
-The amount of material that is recycled has increased over the last 40 years
-Using landfills has been and continues to be the dominant method for dealing with waste.
Different countries have implemented different solutions for dealing with increasing amounts of minutes to pull solid waste, including bottling wine an old bottles in great Britain and _________.
-Mandating curbside recycling
-Providing vine points for recycling
-imposing extended product responsibility on manufactures
Mine tailings are generated when _______.
The ore deposit is treated to extract the valuable material.
Mining generates ways through removal of rock and soil to reach ore, milling operations, and _______.
Industrial solid waste could include demolish waste, sludge, and _____
Some of the actions you can take to reduce waste include fine foods or products with less _______or using your own containers.
Recycling reduces the need for ______ to make a certain product, thereby reducing pressures on the areas where those materials our mind.
The total amount of solid waste created each year in the United States has generally ______ over the last 50 years.
Increased- The total amount of solid waste generated has increased due to the population increase even as the amount produce per person has leveled off.
Most municipal solid waste is incinerated using mass burn technology, and which the solid waste is not _____
Processed or compressed
The reprocessing of discarded materials into new, useful products is ____.
Which of the following is a benefit of a beverage container deposit refund program?
-Less litters on roadways
-Fewer raw materials extracted and used
Collection of recyclables from home and businesses is known as _________.
One of the largest obstacles for the recovery rate of plastics is that many beverage bottles are designed to be used "on the go" and many do not make it to a _________ bin.
Ireland instituted a tax on the use of plastic bags in an effort to decreased are use, while China _________.
Banned the use of certain plastic bags
A city in Somalia probably produces ________municipal solid where is compared to an equally size city in the United States.
How does recycling sometimes affect operations of incinerators? Successful recycling programs have been known to _________.
Reduce the amount of materials going to incinerators, resulting in the remaining material not burning as well
Which of the following is a method of composting use by cities and towns?
What is the cradle to grave responsibility and European union?
Companies must accept or pay for the collection of their used product so that they may be dealt with in environmentally friendly ways
What are the two most common types of plastic used and household items?
In many states, recycling is _________ because governments want to reduce the amount of landfill waste.
The refuse derive fuel in mass burn and incineration methods differ in that you refuse derive few method involves _________.
First removing certain materials before combustion, where as nearly everything is put in the furnace and the mass burn method.
_________glass bottles is even more efficient than recycling glass bottles because no energy is needed to melt down and reform the bottles.
A municipal _______ waste landfill, as opposed to an open dump, compacts and covers solid waste with dirt often in order to decrease orders and discourage vermin populations
Many landfills are being tapped for ______as it is used as a source of energy.
Which of the following locations would be the best choice for a Landfill?
A geologically stable site away from surface water and ground water
Why is it difficult to establish new landfills when old landfills are full?
-There can be opposition from local residences, who do not want a land fill in their backyard.
-It can be difficult to find a geologically suitable site.
Some developed countries, such as Japan, Germany, and Sweden, have eliminated or reduce the need for landfills by _________.
-Incinerating some components
Landfills release gases as by-products of decomposition. Carbon dioxide escapes into the atmosphere, but methane _________.
Can be captured and used to produce electricity.
What is the third most common disposal method for municipal waste in the United States?
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