Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Exam 1 Human Anatomy
Terms in this set (56)
Humans have the most urgent need for a continuous supply of ________.
____________________ is defined as the steady state of body systems that living organisms maintain.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a normal physiologic process that uses a negative feedback loop?
How many distinct organ systems are there in the human body?
During metabolism, _________________ reactions release energy, while ______________reactions require energy.
Which of the following is NOT a definitive function of human life?
To make a banana split, you halve a banana into two long, thin, right and left sides along the ________.
___________________(or ____________) describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.
Posterior (or dorsal)
The toes are ________________to the heel.
With regard to MRI scans, what are two major disadvantages?
high cost and the need for shielding from the magnetic signals
Which four elements make up more than 95 percent of the body's mass?
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
Which of the following is false regarding atoms?
Neutrons have a negative charge
On the periodic table of the elements, mercury (Hg) has an atomic number of 80 and a mass number of 200.59. It has seven stable isotopes. The most abundant of these probably have ________.
more than 80 neutrons each
Which of the following is a molecule, but NOT a compound?
Which of the following statements about chemical bonds is TRUE?
Covalent bonds are stronger than ionic bonds.
The bonding of calcium, phosphorus, and other elements produces mineral crystals that help to form bone. This is an example of a(n) ________ reaction.
Which of the following is NOT an important factor influencing the rate of chemical reactions?
All of the above are important properties
Which of the following is TRUE regarding organic compounds?
Lipids are a type of organic compound
Which of the following is not an example of a monosaccharide?
All of the following are important polysaccharides in the body, EXCEPT:
A ____________________is one of a highly diverse group of compounds made up mostly of hydrocarbons.
How many different amino acids contribute to nearly all of the thousands of different proteins important in human structure and function?
A _________ is an organic molecule composed of amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
With regard to nucleic acids, which of the following is not a pyramidine?
Pure water has a pH of 7, which is considered __________________.
A substance dissociates into K+ and Cl- in solution. The substance is a(n) ________.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding human cells?
All of the above are true
Transcription and translation take place in the ________ and ________, respectively.
____________ proteins are typically found on the inner or outer surface of the lipid bilayer but can also be attached to the internal or external surface of an integral protein.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding phospholipids?
The tails are positively charged
A ________________ is a type of recognition protein that can selectively bind a specific molecule outside the cell, and this binding induces a chemical reaction within the cell.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding sodium-potassium pumps?
They are an example of passive transport
Which of the following is FALSE regarding the nucleus of a cell?
All human cells contain one nucleus
Site of protein synthesis
Responsible for sorting, modifying, and shipping off the products that come from the rough ER
The "power house" of the cell; site of ATP synthesis
Contains enzymes that break down and digest unneeded cellular components, such as a damaged organelle
A region at the beginning of the gene called a ___________________—a particular sequence of nucleotides—triggers the start of transcription.
chromatin condensation; centrosomes move towards opposite poles
chromosomes decondense; nuclear envelope surrounds chromosomes
centromeres split in two; chromosomes pulled towards opposite poles
chromosomes aligned in middle of cell; sister chomatids attach to spindle fibers
What are unspecialized cells that can divide without limit as needed and can, under specific conditions, differentiate into specialized cells.
Striations, cylindrical cells, and multiple nuclei are observed in ________.
skeletal muscle only
Which of the following is NOT an example of an epithelial membrane?
The _____________________________a mixture of glycoproteins and collagen, provides an attachment site for the epithelium, separating it from underlying connective tissue.
Which type of epithelial tissue specializes in moving particles across its surface and is found in airways and lining of the oviduct?
In _________________________epithelium, the nucleus of the box-like cells appears round and is generally located near the center of the cell. These epithelia are active in the secretion and absorptions of molecules and are observed in the lining of the kidney tubules and in the ducts of glands.
Which of the following is NOT an example of secretions by exocrine glands?
Which of the following is NOT a type of connective tissue found in adults?
Mucous connective tissue
Which of the following is NOT considered a connective tissue?
All of the above are connective tissues
The most abundant cell in connective tissue proper is _______________________.
The cells responsible for the transmission of the nerve impulse are ________.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding skeletal muscle tissue?
Seventy percent of your body mass is made up of skeletal muscle
Which of the following processes is not a cardinal sign of inflammation?
________________________is programmed cell death, a normal step-by-step process that destroys cells no longer needed by the body.
Sets found in the same folder
Exam #2: Ch. 5-8
Exam #3: Ch. 9-11
Exam #4: Ch. 12-16
Sets with similar terms
Dr. P Chapter 2
BIO20-LECTURE TEST ONE-HW2
BIO232 FINAL: TEST 1
Other sets by this creator
BIOL 1160 Exam 4
BIOL 1160 Exam 3
Chapter 28 (2)
Chapter 27 (2)
Other Quizlet sets
AP PSych: CED Unit 4 (Part 1)
Vokabeln: Migration and diversity
Week 4 (Ch 4-7, 11)
Poets - Dr. Belcher RTS pre mid-term
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Serous membranes a. line the mouth. b. have parietal and visceral layers. c. consist of epidermis and dermis. d. have a connective tissue layer called the lamina propria. e. secrete a lubricating fluid.
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
The force the heart must overcome to pump blood is known as ________. a. preload b. afterload c. cardiac output d. stroke volume
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
What have echocardiogram studies revealed about the different effects of exercise on the hearts of aerobic athletes (runners, for example) and anaerobic athletes (weight lifters)?
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Which type of neuron, based on its shape, is best suited for relaying information directly from one neuron to another? Explain why