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POLS 4600 Bullock Exam 3
Terms in this set (24)
CBO (Congressional Budget Office)
a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government that provides Congress with nonpartisan analysis on budget and economic information.
CR: continuing resolution
legislation in the form of a joint resolution enacted by Congress, when the new fiscal year is about to begin or has begun, to provide budget authority for Federal agencies and programs to continue in operation until the regular appropriations acts are enacted.
annual process for coordinating actions of the appropriations, authorizing, and tax committees - allowed Congress to pass these spending cuts through a budget resolution and a single reconciliation bill, rather than through the traditional method of passing several bills addressing each area of spending.
Spending by agencies of the federal government whose operations are not included in the federal budget.
Programs that the Federal government requires States to implement without Federal funding.
programs like social security which the government is obligated to honor
provisions in laws that guarantee individuals certain benefits if they meet eligibility
year to year spending that is not dictated by eligibility requirements, it is determined annually by Congress
automatic across the board spending cuts if a maximum spending level/deficit is reached
if legislation reduces revenue for > 10 years, you need 60 votes to pass it
green door committees
the budget conferences met in the capital meeting room in the 70s and it had a green door. and that's where the finalized budget happens today and where the members have a lot of power to pass things more than normal committees. it's not an official group
1993 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
Modified spending priorities, extended the enforcement provisions of the 1990 act through 1998
Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946
must register with clerk of House or the secretary of Senate to solicit or receive money for purpose of influencing legislation - disclosure to evaluate lobbyists' influence through reporting on recording expenditures, client lists
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974
when each organization starts with $0 and has to justify each dollar that they are appropriated. This is different than just expecting that you'll get the same amount you got last year
Balanced Budget Amendment: 1996
Modified spending priorities, extended the enforcement provisions of the 1993 act through 2002, and projected a balanced budget in fiscal year 2002
authorizes a chief executive to reject particular provisions of a bill, usually a budget appropriations bill, without vetoing the entire legislative package.
hardline limitations on what a "lobbyist" was allowed "to give" to those in Congress
made it a violation of rules to transfer funds among the 3 categories of defense, international, and domestic non-entitlement spending
1990 Budget Enforcement Act (BEA)
Focused on spending limits rather than deficit reduction;
3 categories of non-entitlement spending and ceilings for each
allowed any member to raise a point of order against a bill on the grounds that it isn't deficit neutral; any increase in spending or decrease in revenue be offset by decreases in spending or increases in revenue elsewhere
Simpson - Bowles Commission: 2010
deficit reduction plan;
offered six steps to lower the budget deficit to 2.3% of gross domestic product by 2015.
The bipartisan committee that was to determine what the $900 billion spending cuts were to be
Unanimous Consent Agreement
an agreement on the rules of debate for proposed legislation in the Senate that is approved by all the members
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