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62 terms

Final Exam part 1

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decreased levels of sodium ion in the blood
damage to cells of the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex would result in
oxytocin
you are with your friends in the hospital who is about to give birth. Because the contractions are not progressing as expected, the physician decides to order something to help promote uterine wall contractions. you know that she is ordering
increases the level of calcium ions in the blood
the chief cells of the parathryroid glands produce a hormone that
tsh
the pituitary hormone that triggers the release of thyroid hormone from the thryoid gland is
derived from the amino acid tyrosine
thyroxine
parathyroid hormone
the hormone that is the antagonist of calcitonin is
aldosterone
a hormone that helps to regulate the sodium ion concentration of the blood is
increased volume of urine formation
damage to cells of the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus would result in
composed by amino acid
peptides hormones are
zona reticularis
shelly has a benign tumor of the adrenal gland. the tumor is causing hypersecretion of a hormone that causes her to grow a beard and have extensive body hair. this tumor involves cells of the
hormones
are chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and transported in the bloodstream to alter the activities of specific cells in other tissues.
glucagon is released
when blood glucose levels fall,
decreased ability to convert lipids to glucose
damage to cells of the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex would result in
adh
changes in blood osmotic pressure would affect the levels of ----- in the blood.
sodium
high aldosterone levels should cause an increase in the blood level of
calcitriol
a hormone that helps to regulate the calcium ion concentration of the blood is
adh
each of the following hormones is produces by the pars distalis of the adenohypophysis, except
increased sensitivity to sympathetic stimulation
the effects of thyroid hormone on peripheral tissue include
chemically related to cholestrol
the male and female sex hormones are
acth
elevated stress levels may also cause increased levels of --------- in the blood
glucocorticoids
which of the following is a product of the adrenal gland.
insulin
the beta cells of the pancreas produce
fsh
formation of gametes is coordinated by
lh
changes in testosterone levels would affect the levels of -------- in the blood.
iodine
thyroid hormone contains the mineral
none of the above
hormones can alter cellular operations by changing all of the following, except the
insulin-like growth factor
liver cells respond to growth hormone by releasing hormones called
increases the level of glucose in the blood
the alpha cells of the pancreas produce a hormoe that
growth hormone
the hormone that goes beyond typical productivity of the cells by causing an increased rate of mitosis is
thymosin
a hormone that helps to regulate the immune system is
renin
the kidneys help maintain pressure and filtration by releasing.
5-6
the total volume of blood in the body of a 70kg man is approximately -------- liters.
bill could donate blood to an individual with type 0 negative blood
bill wants to determine his blood type, so he takes a few drops of blood from a puncture wound in his finger and mixes it with various antisera. his blood cells aggulutinate when mixed with the anti-d sera but not with the anti a or anti b sera. this means
during periods of fasting
the level of erythropoietin in the blood would rise due to all of the following, except
bill's plasma contains b agglutinins since he does not have type b blood
bill wants to determine his blood type, so he takes a few drops of blood from a puncture wound in his finger and mixes it with various antisera. his blood cells agglutinate when mixes with the anti- a sera but not with anti-b or anti-d sera. this means
burgundy
blood containing rbc's fillec with deoxyhemoglobin are which color?
neutrophils
the most numerous wbcs in a differential count of a healthy individual are
basophils
although they are known as mast cells in the tissues, they circulate as
lymphocytes
megan thinks she had an viral sinustitis. If she does, what type of white bloood cells would you expect to see in elevated numbers in a differential count?
lymphocytes
during a viral infection you would expect to see increased numbers of
albumins
the most abundant proteins in blood plasma are
common
factor x is activated to begin the ------ pathway of coagulataion
coagulation
involves a complex sequence of steps leading to the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin
10-15
the total volume of blood in the body of a 154-lb man is approximately ------ pints.
vascular spasm
occurs as chemicals released by damaged cells causes the local smooth muscles to contract.
reticulocytes
which of the following would you expect to see in elevated numbers in a peripheral blood sample after donating a pint of blood to the red cross?
intrinsic
platelet factor 3 helps intiate the ------ pathway of coagulation.
reticulocytes
are immature erythrocytes that are sometimes found in peripheral blood samples
lymphocytes
white blood cells that may mature into t or b cells are the
increased erythropoiesis
a constriction of the arteries that carry blood to the kidneys would result in
liver
which organ releases the majority of the plasma proteins.
lipoproteins
both good and bad cholesterol in the blood plasma are
portions of heme molecules that do not contain iron
the waste product bilirubin is produced from
generation of body heat
functions of blood include all of the following,except
the platelet phase
involves a positive feedback response by releasing chemicals to attract more cells and forms a sticky plug.
basophils
the wbc's that are most rare in a differential count of a healthy individual are
neutrophils
megan thinks she has an abscessed tooth due to bacterial infection. if she does, what type of white blood cell would you expect to see in elevated numbers in a differential count>
transport proteins
some hormones and minerals have unique escorts though the blood, these are the
kidney
which organ releases a hormone that stimulates hemoblasts in the red bone marrow to form more erythrocytes
eosinophils
white blood cells that increase in number during an allergic reaction or in response to parasitic infections are
red
blood containing rbc's filled with oxyhemoglobin are which color?
thrombocytes
to stop blood loss the body activates