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Terms in this set (38)
a long, adventurous journey
A legendary (?) Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey. He is most famous for the ten eventful years he took to return home after the ten-year Trojan War and his famous Trojan Horse trick.
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen's abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She was considered the most beautiful woman and "the face that launched a thousand ships"
A kingdom that was destroyed by the Greeks in the Trojan War. It is located on the western coast of Asia Minor (Turkey)
Odysseus and Penelope's son
King of Argos; great warrior favored by Athena; in the Iliad, Diomedes wounds Ares and Aphrodite
Who won the Trojan War?
people living on the southwestern coast of Thrace who battled Odysseus and his men on their journey
Collection of territories north of Thessaly, many different tribes, controlled by the Persian Empire; modern Bulgaria
Legendary people who live on a plant who's fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home
Another famous casualty of justice is Polyphemus, 1 of the Cyclopes, the 1-eyed monsters who were the only original children of earth not banished by the Olympians after their victory. They are also the forgers of Zeus's thunderbolts. Best known for his encounter with Odysseus, Polyphemus is also the victim of a tragic infatuation, as Galatea, the beautiful, cruel sea nymph, never returns his feelings.
God of the sea and earthquakes (Neptune)
God of the winds
Home of Odysseus
legendary clan of giant cannibals
The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus's crew into swine when he lands on her island. With Hermes' help, Odysseus resists Circe's powers and then becomes her lover, living in luxury at her side for a year.
Messenger of the gods (Mercury)
The people of Hade's island of the dead, they live outside the underworld
famous blind prophet from the city of Thebes. Odysseus meets him in the Land of the Dead
King and leader of Greek forces
Mother of Odysseus
sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs
a dangerous whirlpool personified as a female sea monster
Six headed monster
King of the gods (Jupiter)
The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island-home of Ogygia. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.
Goddess of wisdom and war
old swineherd and friend of Odysseus
Odysseus's old nurse
a large hollow wooden figure of a horse (filled with Greek soldiers) left by the Greeks outside Troy during the Trojan War
Trojan Horse today
a program that appears desirable but actually contains something harmful
Length of Trojan War
time it took Odysseus to get home
•Penelope tests Odysseus to prove he really is her husband
•Odysseus built there whole bedroom around a trunk of an old olive tree
Penelope's test for suitors
Shoot an arrow through 20 axe shafts
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