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21 terms

3 - ANA: Module 1: Directional Terms and Body Planes

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stand in an upright position (erect), facing forward, feet flat on ground.
What is the anatomical position?
superior
toward the head or upper part of a structure.
inferior
away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure
anterior (ventral)
nearer to or at the front of the body
posterior (dorsal)
nearer to or at the back of the body
medial
nearer to the midline of the body or structure
intermediate
between two structures
proximal
nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the point of origin
distal
farther away from attachment of a limb to the trunk; further from the point of origin
superficial
toward or on the surface of the body
deep
away from the surface of the body
ipsilateral
on the same side of the body
contralateral
on the opposite side of the body
parietal
pertaining to the outer wall of a body cavity
visceral
pertaining to the inner wall of a body cavity
sagittal
vertical plane divides the body into right and left sides
midsagittal
vertical plane divides the body into equal right and left sides
parasagittal
vertical plane divides into unequal right and left sides
frontal (coronal)
vertical plane, divided body into anterior and posterior portions
transverse (horizontal)
horizontal plane, divides body (organ) into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) portions
oblique
passes through body (organ) at an angle between the transverse plane