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stand in an upright position (erect), facing forward, feet flat on ground.

What is the anatomical position?


toward the head or upper part of a structure.


away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure

anterior (ventral)

nearer to or at the front of the body

posterior (dorsal)

nearer to or at the back of the body


nearer to the midline of the body or structure


between two structures


nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the point of origin


farther away from attachment of a limb to the trunk; further from the point of origin


toward or on the surface of the body


away from the surface of the body


on the same side of the body


on the opposite side of the body


pertaining to the outer wall of a body cavity


pertaining to the inner wall of a body cavity


vertical plane divides the body into right and left sides


vertical plane divides the body into equal right and left sides


vertical plane divides into unequal right and left sides

frontal (coronal)

vertical plane, divided body into anterior and posterior portions

transverse (horizontal)

horizontal plane, divides body (organ) into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) portions


passes through body (organ) at an angle between the transverse plane

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