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Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Terms in this set (35)
Which of the following statements about developed democracies is accurate?
A relatively small agricultural sector is common among developed democracies
During the Cold War, the developed democracies were commonly referred to by scholars as the
What is the chief advantage that a categorization using "developed," "communist/postcommunist," and "developing" might have over the "three worlds" model?
It allows for the possibility that a country might transform and take on a new designation.
Which of the following best characterizes the role of freedom across developed democracies?
There are significant differences in the definitions and applications of civil rights and liberties.
In terms of political structure and public participation, in which of the following ways are the United States and France similar?
They rely on some form of single-member district plurality or majority to elect their legislatures
Developed democracies are characterized by rational and secular institutions, part of what makes them
Many suggest that developed democracies are undergoing significant social, political, and economic changes, becoming
The process by which powers are sent down to local levels of government is known as
The process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrendering some individual powers in exchange for some political, social, or economic benefits, is known as
The two processes currently bringing the most profound change to developed democracies are
devolution and integration
The European Union was created as a response to the
destruction caused by World War II
Which of the following is the best-known example of the process of integration?
formation of the European Union
Germany, Canada, and the United States are comparable in ________ but very different in ________.
level of economic development; their Gini index measure of inequality
Which of the following is a core component of the European Union?
Which of the following statements best describes the nature of integration as it has developed in the European Union?
It grew to its present state through a series of incremental agreements negotiated over several decades, including as recently as the 2000s
Many now speak of the European Union as a body that has become
One recent setback for European Union integration was
difficulties with the euro
Which country's future membership is currently a major source of contention in the European Union?
A small province in a large European country feels that its ethnic and cultural heritage differs substantially from that of the country to which it belongs. The executive petitions the central government to allow the province to gain control over the design and writing of textbooks that are administered in its schools, a power formally held by the central ministry of education. The request is granted. This process would be categorized as
According to your text, postmodern values tend to emphasize which of the following?
quality of life
Japan provides a uniquely extreme example of which of the following issues in the transition of developed democracies?
an aging population and homogeneity that threatens the welfare state
Which of the following seems to have undercut the expansion of postmodern values, particularly in Western Europe?
Skepticism toward technological innovation characterizes ________ views.
In which of the following countries is increased multiculturalism most likely to be a source of explosive fear and negative reaction?
An economy based primarily on the service sector is known as
Which of the following describes a likely characteristic of postindustrial societies?
more devolution of economic power
Postindustrialism is most likely to threaten the economic security of
the less educated
The viability of the welfare state is most challenged by
increasingly old populations
Which of the following statements describes a major contradiction faced by developed democracies in their attempts to maintain the welfare state?
The problem could be mitigated by accepting more immigrants, but that creates a new problem because citizens are largely unwilling to extend benefits to immigrants.
Which of the following statements about European Union expansion in recent decades is accurate?
Expansion has been accompanied by immigration westward and company relocation eastward.
What is devolution, and what are the benefits or dangers of such a policy? Provide at least one real-world example of devolution.
What is integration and what are the benefits or dangers of such a policy? Provide at least one real-world example of integration.
What is the problem with using the first, second, and third world designations to classify the countries of the world? When applying the terms "developed democracies," "communist and postcommunist countries," and "developing countries," what measures can be employed to determine which countries are "developed"?
Which is the better approach to dealing with immigration: multiculturalism or assimilation? Why? What are the benefits and drawbacks of each?
How should developed democracies address the problem of maintaining social expenditures as their populations grow older? Should benefits be reduced? Should immigration be increased?
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