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The only type of matter that can be found in solid, liquid, and gas form is water. Water is a _____ ________ meaning it has its own unique set of chemical and physical properties.
What are the three states of matter
solid, liquid, gas
________are made of closely associated molecules and will flow to conform to the shape of a container.
_______are made of closely packed molecules and maintain a rigid form without a container.
________are made of mostly unassociated molecules and will expand to fill any container.
As the temperature of liquid increases, the amount of movement of individual particles
___________As the temperature of liquid increases, the amount of movement of individual particles
List 3 different elements.
metals, nonmetals, metalloids
What are the 3 main subatomic particles:
protons, neutrons, electrons
The protons and neutrons are located in the
What type of charge does a proton, electron, and neutron hold?
positive negative no charge
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom is called
The measure of how much kinetic energy is in a substance is called
What are the three main processes through which thermal energy is transferred
is the transfer of energy through matter from particle to particle.
When substances transfer thermal energy easily they are called
is the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of liquid or a gas
is the transfer of energy through matter or space as electromagnetic waves.
is the evaporation of substance directly from a solid to a gas without melting.
Scientists do this by dividing reactions into two categories such as
endothermic and exothermic
is any physical substance found on Earth. It makes up the air, the ocean, your body, your desk, and anything else you can see, and some things you can't.
states that matter can not be created or destroyed. It can only change from one form to another.
law of conservation of matter
The number of protons contained in the nucleus of each element has another name which is called the
is the average total mass of the protons, neutrons, and electrons of an atom of a specific element.
The periodic table is divided into ________ _______ , which are the vertical columns of the table, and periods, which are the horizontal rows.
A _____________ __________________is anything we can observe without changing the identity of the substance we are looking at.
are determined by how a substance behaves in the presence of other substances.
When two or more substances combine physically and retain their own individual properties, it is called, a
When two or more elements combine chemically, they form a
In a chemical reaction, we call the materials that are going to reactants __________ and the materials that result from the reaction are called the _____________ .
You see, green plants make their own food in a process called _______________ The green pigment in plants is called chlorophyll.
Your leg muscles begin to conduct ________ _________ to get the energy needed to keep moving.
lactic acid fermentation
The purpose of cellular respiration is to break down the sugar in the plant into
Cells make up all living things. Cells group to form tissue. Tissues form organs with specialized functions in the body. Groups of organs form symptoms(systems?) in the body of an
The cell theory is the basis for the way biologists study organisms and help to distinguish living things from nonliving things. The cell theory states that:
-living organisms are made up of cells
-cells are the basic units of all living things
-cells come from pre-existing cells
Write down 3 basic cell organelles and their functions/descriptions. (You can pick any 3 from page 95)
Vacuoles sphere storage sack for food and water,cholorplast contains chlorophyl where photosynthesis takes place,ribosomes structures that makes proteins
Cells → Tissues → _________→ Organ Systems →_____________
_________ refers to the movement of air in and out of the lungs.
The _________ is the pump of the circulatory system. It is a hollow muscular organ located between the lungs. It has four chambers that perform 2 primary functions.
_____________ circulates throughout the body by way of the circulatory system.
The ______ ________ ________ is the control and communication network of the body.
The _______ _________runs up and down the back. It is surrounded by vertebrae, which provide protection.
______________ carry the genetic material of the organism.
To put it another way, a person's ___________ for a trait is the actual genes they carry for it, not the trait that results phenotype from those genes. The physical expression of the genes is a person's
A _____________ occurs when there is a change in the chromosome structure.
A _________________is one that will always be expressed if it is present.
___________ is when two closely related animals are matted.
_______________ are physical and behavioral changes that occur over a period of time to a population which makes organisms better suited to their environments.
is a behavioral adaptation that helps to ensure beneficial genes are passed along to offspring.
_______ _______ is a naturalist who became very interested in how species of plants and animals change over many generations.
______ is the cutting of trees
________ is the removal of material from the ground.
The ________ _______ supplies nitrogen needed for living things.
The ____ ________ of a population is it changes in population size per unit of time.
Organisms can enter the population through birth or _______________ (organisms moving into a population).
Organisms can leave the population by death or _________________ (organisms moving out of a population).
The ______________ of a population is the number of organisms per unit area; the more organisms living in a given amount of space.
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