What perameters are assessed when doing a Body Composition test?
Creatinine-height ratio Hydroxyproline
What is Serum Transferrin effected by?
Tissue iron stores
What is Serum albumin effected by?
Liver, renal or GI disease Also by level of hydration
What are the two other Protein assessment proteins?
Thyroxine-binding prealbumin Retinol-binding protein
What affect do you see on the immune system with malnutrition?
A decline in T cells and a decline in Thymic function
What is the role of the dentist in regards to nutrition?
- Screening with dietary assessment - Is more in-depth assessment needed? - Determining what available information is pertinent to dental patient treatment planning and care
What vitamins/minerals can delay eruption patterns of teeth?
Vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus
Low levels of which mineral can delay tooth eruption?
How many grams of protein should you have per day while pregnant?
What are two important pre-natal vitamins?
Folic Acid Heme iron
Lack of this vitamin/mineral can lead to cleft lips/palates?
Hypomineralized primary teeth can be caused by what?
Malnutrition during ANY part of pregnancy or even postnatally
What things ARE and ARE NOT associated with ECC?
ARE: -Carrying the bottle all day long
ARE NOT: - Infant holding the bottle - Napping and going to bed with the bottle
When is the best time to start introducing foods to your baby?
Between 4 and 6 months -before or after this range results in a higher incidence of ECC
What is the best thing a 4-10 year old can be drinking?
When does primary tooth development begin in the fetus?
When does mineralization begin in the fetus?
How much protein should a mother have per day?
How much weight should a baby gain per week in its last 30 weeks in the womb?
What is birth weight dependent on?
When should you ween your baby off of the bottle?
Before 19 months
How often should a toddler eat? How often should a preschooler eat?
How much milk should a toddler and a preschooler eat?
Toddler = greater than 32 oz Preschooler = 17-32 oz
Are ECC rates higher or the same as poor families?
higher in poor families
What would be classified as Simple ECC?
1 or more DMF tooth surfaces in any primary tooth
What would be classified as Severe ECC?
○ any sign of smooth surface caries in children under 3 years of age ○ 1 or more cavitated, missing, or filled smooth surfaces in primary maxillary anterior teeth in children ages 3 and 5
If a child is continuously coughing during sleep, what condition could they possibly have?
As dentist, what do we want to educate the public about?
The association between the frequent consumption of carbohydrates and caries
What does the AAPD recommend?
○ That dentists provide dietary and nutritional counseling ○ People who make the food labels make the nutritional content on the label more prominent and consumer friendly ○ Health education programs in schools ○ Research, education and appropriate legislation to promote diverse and balanced diets
What is the 54321 rule for kids?
○ 5 servings of fruits and vegetables everyday ○ 4 servings of water ○ 3 servings of low-fat dairy ○ 2 hours or less of TV/Video games per day
1 hour or more of physical activity
What percentage of health problems are attributed to nutritional status?
How do you change a loss in muscle mass?
Increase protein intake Decrease Calorie intake
How do you change a decrease in bone density?
Increase calcium intake Increase Vitamin D intake
How do you change xerostomia?
Increase water intake Eat more fruits and Vegetables and Grains
How do diets rich in refined carbohydrates and saturated fats stimulate inflammation?
Through the generation of excess ROS (whatever that is) and Oxidative Stress
What three Vitamins/minerals are the gingiva dependent on in order to stay healthy?
Protein Vitamin A Zinc
Regeneration of the oral epithelium requires which vitamins?
B-complex vitamins Vitamin C
Which vitamins/minerals are essential to collagen formation? (important in making dentin, cementum, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligaments)
Protein and adequate Calories Vitamin C Vitamin A
How many grams of protein should you have per day?
What does Vitamin D help you do?
What does Vitamin E help you do?
Helps with keeping the immune system health and antibody production
What does Vitamin K help?
Bone density and strength -Lack of Vit K will be associated with gingival bleeding
What does Vitamin A help?
What are the Fat Soluble Vitamins?
Vitamins A, D, E, K
What are the water soluble vitamins?
B-complex, and Vitamin C
The pattern of individual food intake, eating habits, and kinds and amounts of foods eaten
Chemical compounds configured by Nature or formulated by manmade processes to mimic nature
- The science and sum of dietary quality and physiological and biological activity necessary to maintain life and meet requirements for growth, development, repair and maintenance of cellular activity
Define Dietary Quality
- Agricultural or industrial sources of food, nutrient content, organoleptic appeal, variety and adequacy
Define Optimal Nutrition
- A physiological state whereby an individual is both receiving (consuming and assimilating) and using (metabolically processing) essential nutrients to maintain health and well-being at the highest level possible
- A chemical substance that is present in food and is needed by the body in adequate ratio and proportion for growth, maintenance, and repair of damaged tissues
- Chemical substances present in food that enhance, mediate or sustain optimum health status in concert with nutrients
Define Nutritional Status
- A measurement of the extent to which physiological need for nutrients are being met