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Juvenile Justice 9th Ed. Chap. 3 KyTrms
Juvenile Offender 337 NU
Terms in this set (43)
anti-social personality disorder (APD)
A mental health condition in which a person has long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others.
Abe like, qualities that generally reflect the physical features of the apes from whom man was a descendent.
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Disorder characterized by being persistently disruptive, acting impulsively, easily frustrated, experiencing wide mood swings, and acting appropriately.
Also known as sociobiology, the idea that biological make up of the organism and the surrounding environment are intimately related.
A school of thought that sees humankind as having free will, that is, humans calculate the pros and cons of an activity before choosing what to do. (Compare to Positivism)
Similarity among group in a study.
A theory or a doctrine holding that acts of the will, occurrences in nature, and social or psychological phenomena are casually determined by proceedings events or natural laws.
Hormone that acts in the opposite way from serotonin; higher dopamine levels result in greater action and pleasure-seeking behaviors; aggression is similarity enhanced from higher dopamine levels in the body.
in Freudian Theory, the social identity of an individual; actual behavior; conscience activity.
DNA can be altered by the environment.
Hormone that increases adrenaline; influences fight or flight reactions.
The tenet that people choose to act the way that they do after calculating the pros and cons of an activity.
I belief that individuals seek to maximize pleasure.
Natural chemicals control many of the basic bodily functions, including growth, reproduction, and functioning of the central nervous system.
The proper term for the relationship between blood sugar levels and criminal activity.
In Freudian theory, Unconscious desires, drives, instincts.
Interpersonal maturity levels ( I-levels)
Developed by Sullivan et al., the seven levels are reflect the progressive development of social and interpersonal skills.
A test, develop by Alfred Binet, that provides a numerical representation of the mental ability of an individual. The formula is IQ. (Mental age/chronological age) (x 100.)
A perspective that approaches the deviant act as a symptom of a larger problem (or disease).
A statistical technique that uses data from a number of studies to compute the common statistic in order to compare results across studies.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
A 556 question inventory that serves as a standarizec method for tapping personality traits and individuals.
A form of learning that entails copying the behavior of others.
Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene
Facilitates or inhibits the transfer of information from neuron or neuron, thus altering possible reactions to inputs.
Kohlberg's theory That individuals progress through six stages of "moral development", which are arranged in to three levels: pre preconventional, conventional, and post conventional (principled).
The debate as to whether intelligence is inherited nature or whether it is an outcome of growth in the environment nurture.
The middle ground between classicism and Positivism, the connection that humankind exercises some degree of free will, but the choices are limited by large number of factors both within and outside of the individual (also called soft determinism).
Chemicals involved in the transmission of electrical impulses through the nervous system.
Hormone that leads to increased heart rates and energy levels; influences fight or flight reactions.
The reinforcement of behavior throughout the complex system of rewards.
Chemicals that are introduced to the body or altered to diet or other influences.
The study of facial features.
The study of the shape of a persons skull.
A school of thought based upon determinism, wherin what an individual does is determined by factors be on the control of the individual compare to (classicism).
Pioneer by Freud, and approach understanding human behavior, the mayor premise of which is that unconscious, and perhaps instinctual, factors account for much of the behavior displayed by the individuals.
The perspective that drugs have direct casual impact on crime by inducing the user to act out in a certain way.
Changes in the blood sugar level, both higher and lower, as a result of dietary intake.
Hormone that is an inhibitor of behavior, particularly aggressive and impulsive behavior.
Choices are limited by factors both within outside individual.
Physiques example ectomorph, endomorph, mesomorph; supposedly corresponding to particular temperament.
I believe that deviant acts are the result of the battle between good and evil, good and the devil.
In Freudian theory, Learned values, behaviors; moral character of the individual; outlines are acceptable and unacceptable; maybe conscious or unconscious.
Review a number of studies different genes and their relation to behavior. Among theses were genes influencing the preceding of information to the brain
An attempt to answer the question "why?".
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