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art history 2 final exam terms
Terms in this set (65)
An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing
A late nineteenth-century style that relies on the Impressionist use of color and spontaneous brushwork but that employs these elements as expressive devices.
A person, place or object which has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well
A style in French and American nineteenth-century art that was highly influenced by Japanese art, especially prints.
An art free from any historical style characterized by forms of nature for ornamentation in the façade aptly called for the floral design.
a technique of neo-impressionist painting using tiny dots of various pure colors, which become blended in the viewer's eye. It was developed by Georges Seurat with the aim of producing a greater degree of luminosity and brilliance of color.
Arts and Crafts Movement
a social and artistic movement of the second half of the 19th cent. Emphasizing a return to handwork, skilled craftsmanship, and attention to design in the decorative arts, from the mechanization and mass production of the Industrial Revolution
François Auguste René Rodin was a French sculptor generally considered the founder of modern sculpture. He was schooled traditionally and took a craftsman-like approach to his work. Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, and deeply pocketed surface in clay.
This artist created organically-shaped cut stone buildings in Spain.
A nineteenth-century French painter and sculptor. Among his preferred subjects were ballet dancers and scenes of cafe life.
developed a system called Pointillism or Divisionism
A cultural movement embracing human empowerment and rejecting traditionalism as outdated. Rationality, industry, and technology were cornerstones of progress and human achievement.
A painting style developed by Henri Matisse in 1905 that formally lasted until 1908. The means "fierce animal." The style rejects Neo-Impressionism and expresses flat, bold, un-naturalistic color with impulsive brushwork; sometimes the blank canvas shows between brushstrokes.
new and unusual or experimental ideas, especially in the arts, or the people introducing them.
a style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world.
A style of art in which the subject matter is portrayed by geometric forms, especially cubes
1910.A movement in modern art that grew out of cubism. Artists used implied motion by shifting planes and having multiple viewpoints of the subject. They strived to show mechanical as well as natural motion and speed. The beginning of the machine age is what inspired these artists. Frank Stella and Giacomo Balla were futurists.
An artistic movement that had a purposely nonsensical name, expressing its total rejection of previous modern art.
an extension of symbolic interaction theory which proposes that reality is what humans cognitively construct it to be
An American art movement of the 1920s and 1930s. The Precisionists concentrated on portraying man-made environments in a clear and concise manner to express the beauty of perfect and precise machine forms.
The Armory Show
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashcan School. Was most Americans first exposure to European Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, and caused a modernist revolution in American art.
An artistic movement that displayed vivid dream worlds and fantastic unreal images
Dutch, "the style"; an artistic movement associated with a group of early 20th-century Dutch painters who used rectangular forms and primary colors in their works and who believed that art should have spiritual values and a social purpose.
a German style of architecture begun by Walter Gropius in 1918
Descended from Art Nouveau, this movement of the 1920s and 1930s sought to upgrade industrial design in competition with "fine art" and to work new materials into decorative patterns that could be either machined or handcrafted. Characterized by streamlined, elongated, and symmetrical design.
Die Brücke (The Bridge)
Artist group active in Dresden, Germany, from 1905 to 1913, and closely associated with the development of Expressionism. The group is associated with an interest in the distortion of reality and expressive use of color to respond to the turmoil of modern urban society.
Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider)
Artist group active in Munich, Germany, from 1911 to 1914, and closely associated with the development of Expressionism. The group's aim was to express their own inner desires in a variety of forms, rather than to strive for a unified style or theme.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.
A Harlem Renaissance painter whose work celebrates African American versatility and adaptability, depicting people in a variety of settings.
Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and the many self-portraits the artist produced, including nude self-portraits
Spanish surrealist painter
Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contributions to the history of art were in his alliance with Fauvism from 1905, and the role he played in the development of Cubism.
André Derain was a French artist, painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse.
Umberto Boccioni was an influential Italian painter and sculptor. He helped shape the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement as one of its principal figures. Despite his short life, his approach to the dynamism of form and the deconstruction of solid mass guided artists long after his death.
Naum Gabo, KBE born Naum Neemia Pevsner, was an influential sculptor, theorist, and key figure in Russia's post-Revolution avant-garde and the subsequent development of twentieth-century sculpture.
Charles Henry Buckius Demuth was an American painter who specialized in watercolors and turned to oils late in his career, developing a style of painting known as Precisionism.
the belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress
An artistic movement that focused on expressing emotion and feelings through abstract images and colors, lines and shapes.
An American art movement that emerged in the 1960s and was characterized by a cool, detached rationality emphasizing tighter pictorial control. See also color field painting and hard-edge painting.
Art style that was a direct reaction to WWII. Marked by existentialism, pessimism, cynicism. Key artists = Giacometti, Bacon.
a style of art that exploits the physiology of seeing in order to create illusory optical effects
art based on modern popular culture and the mass media, especially as a critical or ironic comment on traditional fine art values.
an art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
was a school of painting and sculpture that emphasized producing fidelity to optical fact. The painters were also called photorealists because they used photos as sources for their work.
art in which the idea presented by the artist is considered more important than the finished product, if there is one.
art concerned with women and women's issues
art that is created to be part of a landscape.
A twentieth-century American painter, famous for creating abstract paintings by dripping or pouring paint on a canvas in complex swirls and spatters.
was a pop artist who made "combines" by interspersing painted passages with sculptural elements.
was a pop artist who excerpted images from comic books using the ben-day dot system.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Considered America's greatest architect. Pioneered the concept that a building should blend into and harmonize with its surroundings rather than following classical designs.
was a feminist artist who wanted to educate viewers about women's roles in history and the fine arts. The Dinner Party was a reinterpretation of the Last Supper. Because she uncovered so many important women, she did an installation of 39 women on a triangular table as an installation. Many of the plates had motifs of butterflies and vulvas
American photographer who depicted herself in stereotypical female roles in Untitled Film Stills,
A pop artist who produced soft sculptures of gigantic everyday objects made of canvas and vinyl such as food, toilets and mixers.
is a feminist artist who used her body as a component in her art work and sets up a dialogue between her "womb" and the earth. Her Cuban heritage and her connection to the earth ("Through my earth /body sculptures I become one with the earth
generally defined as art produced during the second half of the twentieth century
An architectural style using deconstruction as an analytical strategy. Deconstructivist architects attempt to disorient the observer by disrupting the conventional categories of architecture. The haphazard presentation of volumes, masses, planes, lighting, and so forth challenges the viewer's assumptions about form as it relates to function.
is an art movement which emerged in the 1970's and reflects the artist's interest in expressing feeling in a new way.
An artwork is specifically designed for and installed in a particular place.
facilities and nonportable major equipment
Viennese Holocaust Memorial
Propped, in tune with identity using 2D space, one creates the illusion of space, use of scale, overlap, perspecitive
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