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29 terms

Daoism and Confucianism

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The notion of wu wei is
no unnecessary action.
Literally, Daodejing means
way-power-classic
Applying the notion of yin and yang, we could say that Daoism shows a special love for
allowing things to devolop naturally
The most important image to be found in the Daodejing, the image that best expresses its ideals, is
water
At the end of his life, Laozi (Lao Tzu) is said to have
left china riding on an Ox
Daoists aim at enjoying a long life but also accept death because
death is part of the narural order of things
The Daodejing is known for its
deliberate obscurity.
Dao is the origin of
the rhythms of nature
"Divination" refers to
telling the future
An image used by the Daodejing to express the difficulty of seeing in the Daoistic way is
darkness
A hierarchical, hereditary form of Daoism is called
Heavenly master Daoism
The two dots of contrasting color inside the light and dark commas of the yin/yang symbol represent
the seed of its opposite
Daoism likely established monasteries and temples
Through the influence of buddhism
Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being
The Three purities
Confucianism has been especially concerned about relationships
between human beings
Confucius lived during what years?
551-479 B.C.E.
Confucius worked almost all his life as
a teacher
The Analects are
the sayings of Confucius
The Mencius
presents the teachings of a Confucian thinker
Confucius's ideal society would live according to the ideals of the
Five relationships
Confucius hoped to
restore the social harmony of the past
The Yijing (Yi Jing, I Ching)
is a book, valued by Confucius, that is used for divination.
In their view of human nature, the Confucianists
see human beings as needing their character shaped by education
The personal ideal or hero of Confucianism is the
noble person
The social period in which Confucius lived was
disorderly
In regard to Confucianism, the Communists after the Communist Revolution
rejected it as not being egalitarian.
The most fundamental relationship for Confucius seems to have been that between
father and son
The virtue of filial piety means
devotion to one's family
Confucianism remains a strong value system in
Korea