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The White Temple, Uruk is oriented to the _________________________.
Cardinal points of the compass
The two statuettes of worshippers created by the Sumerians were?
Placed in temples eternally thanking the deities
The Mesopotamian king who codified the law and prescribed penalties for infractions was?
What epic poem recounts the exploits of a legendary king of Uruk and slayer of a fearsome monster?
Epic of Gilgamesh
In Assyrian relief, such as Assyrian archers pursuing enemies artists combine different viewpoints in the same frame and other adjustments for clarity. Which of the following best describes the artists primary goal?
Legible and clear telling of a decisive moment
What is the term for the large, composite creatures that stood at the entrance to the Assyrian kings quarters
Because the statue was meant to be both frontal and profile view, how many legs does the lamassu have?
What term describes the Sumerian writing system?
On the warka vase, what is the purpose of the hierarchy scale?
To show the greater importance of kings and priests
What does the two horned helmet of naram-sin represent in the Stele of Naram-Sin?
Which work likely commemorates the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt?
Palette of Narmer
Which of the following describes the function of a clerestory like that used for the Temple of Amen-Re?
Raises the central roof allowing light to filter into the interior
Egyptian art-- with the exception of the Amarna period --can be described as which of the following?
conservative and formulaic
A many columned hall in which the roof is supported by the columns alone is known as a?
Which of the following is the best explanation for the portrayal of Akhenaton's body type?
Deliberate artistic reaction against the establishment canon
A tomb that resembles a truncated pyramid is called a __________?
What is the term for a stone slab with a low, circular depression?
Hierarchy of scale was rarely used in most ancient Egyptian art?
During the Middle Kingdom period, the pyramid and mastaba fall out of favor as standard tomb types. Instead, the ______ replaces them as the most common form of burial architecture.
When a sculptor chisels deep outlines below the stone's surface instead of cutting back the surrounding stone to make a figure or shape project outward, he/she creates what kind of relief?
The treasury of Atreus is a great example of a?
Which of the following is a huge, winding palace on the Minoan island of Crete?
Landscape with swallows is the first pure landscape. Which of the following best defines landscape?
It has no humans and no narrative content
What form of arch is above the lintel of the Lion Gate in Mycenae?
Who or what was the Minotaur?
half bull, half man
Minoan columns are distinguished by
tapering shape and bulbous capitals
Significant numbers of small marble figurines representing naked women with arms filed over abdomens have been found in?
Minoans coated the rough surface of their rubble walls with a fine white plaster that was then painted on while wet. This created a durable work of art that literally became part of the wall surface itself. Which painting method was this?
It has been suggested that Cycladic figurines were funerary offerings. Based on their schematized representation and size, how might they have been placed in the graves?
placed on their backs
The funerary practice of the Mycenaeans— covering the faces of the dead with gold masks— recalls what other culture?
A standing nude figure of a young man is known in Greek art as which of the following?
The geometric krater would most likely be found where?
An Athenian cemetery
High born Greek women had almost the same amount of freedom as Greek men?
A female figure used as an architectural supported known as?
In using _____ the two dying warriors sculptures from the temple of aphaia were better adapted to the triangular shape of the pediment than those of earlier archaic temples
Statues of equal size but in poses
What is term for the key pattern you will often find encircling the upper rim of geometric kraters like the one we covered in the lecture?
All Greek stone statues were once painted
The ____, which is possibly the subject of the Parthenon's continuous frieze, was a procession held in Athens every four years.
Panatheniac festival procession
What is the name of the artist considered 'the master' of the black figure style of painting? In the lecture we looked at this artist's work Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game.
Which of the following was NOT a concept or event developed by the Greeks?
Freedom for all regardless of race or gender
Pedimental sculpture is extremely rare in Etruscan temple architecture. Normally the Etruscans placed their statuary on which part of their temples?
The peaks of the temple roof
Which of the following works of art illustrates how Roman-like the Etruscans became in the 1st century BCE?
'Aule Metele' (Arringatone)
The Estruscans preferred which of the following materials for sculpture?
Which of the following describes Etruscan art
It was a combination of motion and vitality
Etruscan women enjoyed greater freedom and independence than Greek women.
____ was the typical tomb type found at the Etruscan cemetery at Cerveteri.
In Etruscan society, which of the following symbolized regeneration?
The theme celebrated in the Tomb of the Leopards is which of the following?
The joy of life
The Apulu of Veii is made of which of the following materials?
The Etruscans became citizens of which of the following in the first century BCE?
Pompeian wall paintings of the Second Style are characterized by which of the following?
the wall seemingly opening up into an illusionistic landscape
The republican portraits are usually of older men. What is the term used for these super-realistic depictions?
Which of the following best describes and distinguishes the "First Style" of Roman painting?
The figures from the frieze of Villa of Mysteries— our second style wall painting from lecture— are thought to depict an initiation into which of the following?
Cult of Dionysus
How would you define the term monochromatic?
Which emperor is credited with creating the 'pax romana'?
Imperial portraits, like those of Emperor Augustus, are usually carved as faithful representations of Augustus' real likeness.
What is an artificial channel for moving water from one place to another, often used throughout the Roman Empire?
The Colosseum, built under the Emperor Vespasian, was constructed on a particular spot— what is it?
Over an old, artificial lake
What is the term for a picture or painting depicting an arrangement of inanimate objects, as discussed in the lecture?
The Panthenon was one of the most influential designs in the history of architecture. It brought new meaning to the concept of "architectural space". Which of the following descriptions characterize this influential work?
The design is based on the intersection of two circles (a sphere)
Which work did we discuss that includes an oculus?
Christianity was recognized as the official religion of Rome in the early fourth century CE by which of the following?
Coffering was a useful architectural device in that it performed what function?
helped lighten the weight of a dome or arch
The reliefs of the column of Trajan are not reliable chronological account of the Dacian campaigns; however, they do represent an accurate record of the general character of the campaigns. Which of the following also describes this narrative?
Dacians were depicted respectfully and their skills as warriors were acknowledged
In portraying the personality of the emperor, and, in particular his sense of concern about the weakened state of the empire, the portraits of ___ began a new trend in portraiture.
Who was the Panthenon dedicated to?
All the gods
In the painted portrait of Septimus Severus and his family, as discussed in lecture, why is geta's face blacked out?
His brother damned his memory when he became emperor
What is the term for the special purple marble used in works such as portraits of the four tetrarchs?
What type of portrait displays a human figure atop a horse?
In the Dura-Europos painting, Samuel Anointing David, David is depicted wearing an item that indicates his royalty. Which of the following is that item, or attribute?
In the late Antique period, and for many years after, how was God traditionally depicted?
As a simple hand extending from the sky
Why is the Christian community house in Dura-Europas such a small building?
Christianity was not openly accepted yet in the Roman state
How is Christ usually depicted in the late antique and early Christian period?
As the youth, unbearded and able bodied
What is the term for vast networks of underground galleries and passageways that were designed as cemeteries for burying Christians and Jews?
What is the term for a person who chooses to die for their faith rather than deny their religious beliefs?
Santa Constanza was built as a mausoleum for whom?
Emperor Constantine's daughter
What is the term for a work of art that is small, detailed, and made from some sort of precious or rare material such as ivory or precious metals?
A luxury art
Both images of Christ as good shepherd and the Miracle of the loaves and fishes from Sant'Apollinare Nuovo are made from what material?
In general, early Christian works from the late Antique period are less naturalistic than works from the Greek and early Roman periods.
What is likely the origin of the mihrab, the semicircular niche set in the qibla wall?
It marks where Muhammad stood to lead the communal worship
Which decorative element does not appear in the carpet designed by Maqsud of Kashan that we discussed in the lecture?
Where would a squinch most likely be found?
supporting a dome
The positioning of all mosques, no matter period or country, must be oriented toward which of the following cities?
Which of the following elements of the court of the lions in unusual in Islamic art?
Stone figures of lions supporting the fountain
What is the defining feature of a hypostyle hall?
What do historians think was the reason for the height of the Malwiya minaret in Samaria, which was too tall to be used to call Muslims to prayer?
To announce the presence of Islam in the Tigris valley
What are the stalactite-like shapes on the Muqarnas dome in the Hall of the Abencerrajes from the Alhambra known as?
Why did Islamic artists choose to reuse columns like the ones from the Prayer Hall of the Mezquita in Cordoba, Spain even though they were far too short to support the roof?
Because the columns originally belonged to Christian churches, their reuse shows Islamic dominance over them
Islamic art often depicts narrative scenes?
It has been said that the author-portrait of St. Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospels shows SOME classical influences, shown below. What supports this statement?
The figure is seated as a philosopher or poet reading or writing
Equestrian statues were reminders of Rome's glory. We looked at Charlemagne's own equestrian portrait— a small statuette. Which statue likely served as the ultimate model for this equestrian portrait?
Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius
What structure or building did we discuss that uses an alternate-support system?
St. Michael's in Hildesheim, Germany
Who was a major force in the revival of the Classical style in early medieval times?
The _____ burial epitomizes the early medieval tradition of burying great lords with rich furnishings.
What technique was used to create the 'Purse Cover' from the Sutton Hoo ship burial we discussed in the lecture?
The two groupings of a man standing between two lions on the Sutton Hoo purse cover represent a composition type known as what?
Bernward's doors for Saint-Michael's, Hildesheim, juxtapose scenes from Genesis on the left with scenes from which source on the right?
The life of Christ
In the Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero what part of Christ's body also function as a reliquary?
What is the term for a series of wedge-shaped timber's placed vertically to make a steep-roofed structure, usually used in the Scandinavian region?
Which of these is NOT a standard feature on French Gothic facades?
What is the general theme of all three tympana on the west portal of Chartes cathedral?
The lives of the virgin and Christ
Which Gothic church that we discussed in class opened the outer walls of the structure so much that most of the wall surface was replaced with large, stained-glass panes nearly 50 feet tall?
Abbot Suger is credited with creating which of the following churches to include stained-glass?
What unusual subject can be found depicted in the stained-glass windows at Chartes cathedral?
Local masons and sculptors
The royal portal of Chartes was carved in which style?
What innovative feature of gothic cathedrals is an external support that counters the outward thrust of the nave vaults?
What relic did the French King Louis IX construct Saint-Chapelle to house?
The crown of thorns
How does the Reims portal sculpture of the Visitation differ from earlier Gothic portal sculpture, like the jamb statues at Chartes?
The columns do not restrain the figures or their movements
What is the term for the scene in which Mary holds and mourns the dead Christ child?
The word Renaissance means rebirth. Which of the following was a revived interest during this time?
The most recasting natural disaster in Europe during the late 1300s— which also likely took the lives of both Lorenzetti brothers— was what?
The Black Plague
Which of the following is a medieval element depicted on the pulpit for the Baptistery of Pisa cathedral?
Trefoil (triple-curved) arches
Giotto's painting Enthroned Madonna reflected the new trend toward naturalism and classical modeling of the figures. Which of the following describes this new trend?
The virgin is solid and has mass
Who is the architect or artist for the Cathedral of Florence?
Arnolfo do Cambio
What painting style is often used to characterize the work of Simone Martini, as discussed in lecture?
The politics of the Italian city-states were turbulent and violent. Governments were frequently overthrown and then reinstated. The Sienese government commissioned a series of frescoes offering a new view— the need for a fair and just administration. What artist created such a series?
What is taking place in a Lamentation scene, like Giotto's Lamentation from the Arena Chapel?
Christ's closet followers mourn his death
What is the term for a three paneled altarpiece?
What is the term for a painted scene or group of figures made to appear like carved marble, usually painted in shades of gray?
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