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Terms in this set (32)
Which layer of the Earth's atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
In which layer of earths atmosphere does weather take place?
Does atmospheric pressure increase or decrease as you go higher up through the atmosphere?
What features occur during a thunderstorm?
An violent short-lived weather disturbance that is almost always associated with lightning, thunder, dense clouds, heavy rain or hail, and strong gusty winds.
what is the difference between energy transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation?
Conduction is the transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into each other.
Convection is the transfer of heat by the flow of material.
Radiation is the energy transferred by waves or rays.
what are isobars?
Lines on a weather map connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure
What are isotherms?
lines connecting points of equal temperature
Why is it hotter at the equator than at the poles?
The sun's rays hit the earth's surface at a higher angle at the equator and because the sun is always directly overhead at the equator.
Which gas makes up most of Earth's atmosphere?
Does the wind blow from high pressure to low pressure or from low pressure to high pressure?
High pressure to low pressure
Describe the arrangement of Earth, Moon, and Sun during a Lunar eclipse and a Solar eclipse.
Solar eclipses result from the Moon blocking the Sun relative to the Earth; thus Earth, Moon, and Sun all lie on a line.
Lunar eclipses work the same way in a different order: Moon, Earth, and Sun all on a line. In this case, the Earth's shadow hides the Moon from view.
What instrument is used to measure wind speed?
Name several instruments used to measure wind speed.
Anemometer, wind vane, pressure sensor, thermometer, hygrometer, and rain gauge.
Name all astronomical bodies and features that are considered to be part of our solar system.
The Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, dwarf planets such as Pluto, Moons, Asteroids, Comets and Meteoroids.
what is the difference between humidity and relative humidity?
Humidity is the amount of water vapor held in the air. Relative humidity is the measure of the amount of moisture held in the air compared with the amount it can hold at a given temperature.
what is dew point?
The temperature at which air is saturated and condensation forms.
Be sure you know all the prefixes associated with low level, medium level, and high-level clouds.
Be sure you know the word Parts associated with different types of clouds, such as cirrus, cumulus, nimbus
Cirrus are wispy, feathery clouds.
Cumulus are clouds that look like fluffy, rounded piles of cotton.
Nimbus is rain or cloud, not specific.
What happens to the sun's energy when it reaches Earth?
Energy released from the Sun is emitted as shortwave light and ultraviolet energy
know how a warm front and a cold front look when drawn on a weather map.
what conditions are necessary for the formation of a hurricane?
Warm ocean water and moist, humid air in the region.
What is the difference between rotation and revolution?
Rotation is spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis. Revolution is Earth's year-long elliptical orbit around the sun
what is the difference between a white dwarf, a red giant, and a main sequence star?
A Dwarf star is a small, hot, dim star that is the leftover center of an old star.
A Red giant is a large, reddish star late in its life cycle.
A Main Sequence star is a normal star that is undergoing nuclear fusion. Our sun is an example of this.
The choices in question 23, which type of star is the sun?
G2V and categorized as a yellow dwarf star
What is the difference between a neutron star, black hole, and a supernova?
A Neutron star is a star that has collapsed under its own gravity.
Black hole is an object in space whose gravity is so strong not even light can escape.
A Supernova is the brilliant explosion of a dying supergiant star
what is the difference between a solstice and Equinox?
Solstice is the twice-yearly point at which the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or south of the equator.
Equinox is each of the two times of the year -each spring and fall- when days and nights are of equal length
what is the difference between a waxing moon, and a warning Moon?
Waxing describes phases following a new moon, as more of the moon's lighted side becomes visible.
Warning describes phases that occur after a full moon, as the visible lighted side of the moon grows smaller.
what is the difference between a meteor, a meteoroid, and a meteorite?
Meteor is a meteoroid that burns up in Earth's atmosphere.
Meteoroid is a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space.
Meteorite is a meteoroid that has hit earth's surface.
what is the difference between a land breeze and a sea breeze?
LAND BREEZE is the flow of air from land to a body of water.
SEA BREEZE is the flow of cooler air from over an ocean or lake toward land.
Describe the interior of the Moon
At the center of the moon is dense and a metallic core
What's is the difference between evaporation, condensation, and precipitation?
Evaporation is the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas.
Condensation is the change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation is any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface like rain, snow, sleet, and hail.
What is the difference between absolute magnitude and apparent magnitude?
Absolute magnitude is how bright is star actually is.
Apparent magnitude is how bright the star is from Earth.
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