How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

97 terms

International Phonetic Alphabet

Note : The definitions here are as close as I can make them to agree with the IPA chart (e.g. http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet ) and NOT to the definitions as I learned them in my linguistics degree. Let's just say that I want to know the definitions as defined by the IPA so that I have a comparison.
STUDY
PLAY
i
Close, front, unrounded vowel
y
Close, front, rounded vowel
e
Close-mid, front, unrounded vowel
ø
Close-mid, front, rounded vowel
ɛ
Open-mid, front, unrounded vowel
œ
Open-mid, front, rounded vowel
æ (ae digraph)
Near-open, front vowel
ɪ
Near-close, front unrounded vowel
ʏ
Near-close, front rounded vowel
a (typed a)
Open, front, unrounded vowel
ɶ
Open, front, rounded vowel
ɨ
Close, central, unrounded vowel
ʉ
Close, central, rounded vowel
ɘ
Close-mid, central, unrounded vowel
ɵ
Close-mid, central, rounded vowel
ə
Neutral vowel
ɜ
Open-mid, central, unrounded vowel
ɞ
Open-mid, central, rounded vowel
ɐ (turned typed a)
Near-open, central vowel
ɯ
Close, back, unrounded vowel
u
Close, back, rounded vowel
ʊ
Near-close, back vowel
ɤ
Close-mid, back, unrounded vowel
o
Close-mid, back, rounded vowel
ʌ
Open-mid, back, unrounded vowel
ɔ
Open-mid, back, rounded vowel
ɑ (printed a)
Open, back, unrounded vowel
ɒ (turned printed a)
Open, back, rounded vowel
p
Vl bilabial plosive
b
Vd bilabial plosive
t
Vl alveolar plosive
d
Vd alveolar plosive
ʈ
Vl retroflex plosive
ɖ
Vd retroflex plosive
c
Vl palatal plosive
ɟ
Vd palatal plosive
k
Vl velar plosive
g
Vd velar plosive
q
Vl uvular plosive
ɢ
Vd uvular plosive
ʔ
Glottal plosive
m
Bilabial nasal
ɱ
Labiodental nasal
n
Alveolar nasal
ɳ
Retroflex nasal
ɲ
Palatal nasal
ŋ
Velar nasal
ɴ
Uvular nasal
ʙ
Bilabial trill
r
Alveolar trill
ʀ
Uvular trill
Labiodental flap or tap
ɾ
Alveolar flap or tap
ɽ
Retroflex flap or tap
ɸ
Vl bilabial fricative
β
Vd bilabial fricative
f
Vl labiodental fricative
v
Vd labiodental fricative
θ
Vl dental fricative
ð
Vd dental fricative
s
Vl alveolar fricative
z
Vd alveolar fricative
ʃ
Vl postalveolar fricative
ʒ
Vd postalveolar fricative
ʂ
Vl retroflex fricative
ʐ
Vd retroflex fricative
ç
Vl palatal fricative
ʝ
Vd palatal fricative
x
Vl velar fricative
Ɣ
Vd velar fricative
χ
Vl uvular fricative
ʁ
Vd uvular fricative
ħ
Vl pharyngeal fricative
ʕ
Vd pharyngeal fricative
h
Vl glottal fricative
ɦ
Vd glottal fricative
ɬ
Vl (alveolar) lateral fricative
ɮ
Vd (alveolar) lateral fricative
ʋ
Labiodental approximant
ɹ
Alveolar approximant
ɻ
Retroflex approximant
j
Palatal approximant
ɰ
Velar approximant
l
Alveolar lateral approximant
ɭ
Retroflex lateral approximant
ʎ
Palatal lateral approximant
ʟ
Velar lateral approximant
ʘ
Bilabial click
ǀ
Dental click
ǃ
Postalveolar click
ǂ
Palatoalveolar click
ǁ
Alveolar click
ɓ
Vd bilabial implosive
ɗ
Vd alveolar (or dental) implosive
ƒ
Vd palatal implosive
ɠ
Vd velar implosive
ʛ
Vd uvular implosive