James Madison
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Terms in this set (19)
Guarantees basic rights to people accused of crimes:
1. Right to a grand jury hearing if accused of a serious crime.
2. Protects from double jeopardy or being tried for the same crime more than one.
3. Cannot be forced to incriminate or say things that might be used against them in trial.
4. Cannot be deprived of "life, liberty, or property" without due process or following clear rules (presumed innocent until proven guilty.)
5. Cannot take private property for public use without being paid for it.
Guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial, or fair, jury. People accused of crimes have the right to know the charges against them, hear and question all witnesses, and to an attorney.Amendment 6Have the right to a jury trial to settle lawsuits over money or property worth more than $20Amendment 7Forbids judges from ordering excessive bail or fines or "cruel and unusual punishments."Amendment 8Makes it clear that a citizen's rights are not limited to those listed in the Constitution such as privacyAmendment 9All powers not given to the national government are reserved for the states or for the peopleAmendment 1017How many amendments have been added since the Bill of Rights?27How many total amendments are in the U.S. Constitution?The constitution did not list the rights of the peopleWhy did opponents object to ratifying the Constitution?He promised that the first task of the new congress would be amended by adding the bill of rights.What did John Hancock promise would happen after the Constitution was ratified?