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Honors Bio Vocab 4D

Unit 4D vocabulary cell reproduction
STUDY
PLAY
MEIOSIS
CELL DIVISION THAT PRODUCED GAMETES (HAPLOID CELLS)
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING FROM ONE PARENT
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING FROM TWO GAMETE CELLS
(SPERM AND EGG)
AUTOSOME
CHROMOSOMES THAT ARE NOT USED IN DETERMINING SEX (CHROMOSOMES 1-22 IN HUMANS)
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOME
CHROMOSOMES THAT HAVE IDENTICAL SIZE, SHAPE AND GENES FOR A TRAIT
HAPLOID
CELLS THAT CONTAIN ONLY 1 SET OF CHROMOSOMES
(EX. SPERM AND EGG)
GAMETE
A NAME FOR HAPLOID REPRODUCTIVE CELL
DIPLOID
CELLS THAT CONTAIN 2 SET OF CHROMOSOMES
TETRAD
A NAME FOR A PAIR OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
(4 CHROMATIDS)
GENETIC RECOMBINATION
NEW MIXTURE OF GENETIC MATERIAL
SYNAPSIS
PROCESS THAT INVOLVES PAIRING OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES THAT ONLY OCCURS IN MEIOSIS
CROSSING OVER
PROCESS THAT INVOLVES EXCHANGING GENETIC INFORMATION BETWEEN HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT
RANDOM SEPARATION OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES THAT OCCURS IN MEIOSIS
SPERMATOGENESIS
PROCESS THAT PRODUCES SPERM CELLS
OOGENESIS
PROCESS THAT PRODUCES AN EGG CELL