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Psychological Assessment (Detailed Set)
Terms in this set (10)
When screening a patient for brain damage, a psychologist administers the Wisconsin Card Sort and the Halstead-Reitan Category Test. Apparently, the psychologist believes that the patient has:
A. diffuse brain damage.
B. frontal lobe damage.
C. temporal lobe damage.
D. basal ganglia damage.
b. CORRECT The frontal lobes are involved in a number of functions including initiative, planning, and completing tasks in sequence. Performance on the measures listed in the question (Wisconsin Card Sort, Category Test) depends on intact frontal lobe functioning.
Holland's theory about the importance of matching a person's personality with his/her work environment predicts that a person with a realistic orientation will be most satisfied with job tasks that:
A. are ambiguous and require some degree of creativity.
B. require manual or technical skills and concrete problem-solving.
C. require systematic manipulation and organization of data.
D. require introspection and intellectual problem-solving.
b. CORRECT Realistic jobs require mechanical, manual, and technical skills.
The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) was designed as a measure of receptive vocabulary for:
A. adolescents and adults with a visual impairment.
B. children and adolescents with a hearing impairment.
C. children, adolescents, and adults with autism.
D. children, adolescents, and adults with a motor or speech impairment.
d. CORRECT The PPVT requires the examinee to point to (or otherwise indicate) the picture that best corresponds to the word verbally provided by the examiner and was originally developed for examinees with a motor or speech impairment.
The developer of a new occupational interest test conducts a study to determine which test items accurately distinguish between people who are employed in different occupations. This test developer is using which of the following methods of scale construction?
A. empirical criterion keying
B. homogeneous keying
C. factor analysis
D. multiple regression analysis
a. CORRECT Empirical criterion keying involves choosing items for different scales on the basis of how well the items distinguish between different criterion groups. This method was used in the development of the Occupational scales of the Strong Interest Inventory.
To assess the general intelligence of a six-year-old child with a severe hearing impairment, you would use which of the following tests?
C. Haptic Intelligence Test
d. CORRECT A number of tests have been developed as alternatives to the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler tests for assessing the general intellectual ability of individuals with disabilities. The Hiskey-Nebraska test was developed for use with children aged 3 to 17 who have hearing impairments.
On the Rorschach Inkblot Test, confabulation is most suggestive of which of the following?
B. antisocial personality disorder
C. an attempt to fake bad
D. organic brain dysfunction
d. CORRECT Confabulation is associated with cognitive impairment, especially impairment related to organic brain dysfunction.
The concordance rate for IQ for biological (non-twin) siblings who are reared together is:
c. CORRECT Bouchard and Gue report a concordance rate of .45 for biological (non-twin) siblings reared together.
In the case of Larry P. v. Riles, the court ruled that IQ tests:
A. are culturally fair.
B. are racially and culturally biased.
C. are valid predictors of job performance for members of minority groups when used in conjunction with other measures.
D. are valid measures of intelligence for members of minority groups when administered by an examiner of the same race/ethnicity.
b. CORRECT Judge Peckham"s ruling in the case of Larry P. reflected his conclusion that IQ tests are racially and culturally biased and, therefore, should not be used as placement tools for minority children.
The Bender-Gestalt II was designed to be a measure of:
A. fine motor skills.
B. visual-motor integration.
C. cognitive flexibility.
D. suicide risk.
b. CORRECT The Bender-Gestalt II is a drawing test that requires the examinee to copy several geometric figures. It is used to assess visual-motor integration and to assist in the assessment of perceptual disorders, organic brain dysfunction, and psychopathology.
A psychologist administers the MMPI-2 to a 36-year old man who exhibits a number of symptoms that are suggestive of neurosis. The man receives a very low K Scale score, and, on the basis of this score, the psychologist can tentatively conclude that the man:
A. tried to present himself in a favorable light.
B. is very self-critical.
C. has a personality disorder.
D. may have an organic brain disorder.
b. CORRECT A very low score on the K scale indicates excessive frankness or self-criticism or an attempt to "fake bad."
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