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POLS 232 FINAL
Terms in this set (102)
What is meant by the term anarchy?
The absence of world authority
Which of the following is the best understanding of the term "sovereignty"?
Legitimate authority to manage internal and external affairs of a given state free from outside interference
The democratic peace hypothesis claims which of the following?
that nations that are democratic tend not to go to war with other democratic nations
the view that globalization becomes inevitable once key technologies like mobile telephony, satellite communications, and the world wide web become widely available
the process by which policy making responsibilities pass from states to intergovernmental organizations
an ideological disposition that seeks to spread the alleged benefits (such as free trade) of globalization as widely as possible
the process where by images, commodities and information (as well as taste, style, and aesthetics) producer in one part of the world circulate throughout the globe
the condition by which an organization, system, or transforms itself from a local entity to a worldwide entity
the process by which local economies transform themselves into global economies more or less detached from national oversight
All of the following have changed how world politics is studied except
the rising influence of states like China and Russia and their ability to challenge the power of the US
Six recognized sovereign states
Burkina Faso, United Arab Emirates, South Sudan, Vatican City, Tuvalu, Denmark
One of the reasons why theories are useful is because
they make a complicated world easier to understand because they reduce it to a few variables
What is meant by the term "ontology
The study of what something is
Intersubjectivity refers to which of the following
a set of ideas shared by a large group of people
All of the following are basic assumptions of realism except
anarchy can be whatever states make of it
According to realism, a states strength is determined by measuring which of the following
the size and strength of it's military capability
What is meant by the term "relative gains"
a benefit is a gain for you only if it is simultaneously a loss for your rival
Why might an American realist be opposed to seeing the US fight a war in Ukraine against Russia
Because the costs of fighting Russia in Eastern Europe will greatly eclipse whatever benefits the US will gain from such a war
Hobbes (Strong realism)
Realism that builds its world-view from the assumption that in the state of nature humans engaged in a war of all against all and only all-powerful sovereign could bring peace and stability
Morgenthau Behavioral Realism
realism that believes in a fixed, unchanging and selfish human nature. Upon this assumption is built six principles of statecraft, the most important of which is the idea that interests are defined as power
Waltz - Neorealism
realism that emphasizes anarchy as the source of conflict in the world and that stability is brought about throughs bi-polar balances of power
A gamer theory approach of international politics, it assumes that the nature of anarchy incentivizes actors to not cooperate with other states and to betray them if given the opportunity
Realism that holds states must act aggressively in international politics because "the strong do what they will and the weak suffer what they must"
Less formal theory of realism than a set of recommendations, this paradigm encourages the states person to practice virtu by being prudent and ruthlessness
All of the following are assumptions of most forms of liberalism except
The government of a state tends to be a little more then the "executive committee" of the ruling commercial and banking elites
The democratic peace hypothesis claims which of the following
the nations that are democratic tend not to go to war with other democratic nations
What is meant by the term "neoliberalism institutionalism
an approach to international politics that does not deny the existence of anarchy, but suggests that states do cooperate on the number of issues due in large part to international norms and regimes
Diplomatic immunity is an example of which of the following
The term "global governance" refers to which of the following
A semi-formal layer of authority at the transnational level brought about by international institutions and other forms of interstate cooperation
What are constitutive rules
rules that bring an activity or behavior into existence, such as the rules of chess
Which of the following is the core "constitutive rule" of international politics
According to constructivism, why might a state like New Zealand ban the presence of all nuclear weapons from its territory
Because New Zealand has developed a non-confrontational and eco-friendly identity about itself that would be damaged or negated by the presence of nuclear weapons
Which of the following is a description of the Kantian Culture of anarchy
A state of affairs where states regard each other as friends and seek to cooperate with each other
Which of the following states might be embedded in the hobbesian culture of anarchy ar the present moment?
India and Pakistan
Studying gender in international politics means analyzing which of the following
the way ideas, identities, roles, and theories are socially constructed according to gender archetypes
gender bias portraying male or masculine views as either superior or objectively neutral or rational
a form feminism that argues there are ineradicable differences between mean and women, rooted in biology, culture or economics
a form of feminism that minimizes sexual difference in the calculation of ones worth or value and insists gender imbalances can be overcome with equal rights and more women in positions of power
a form of feminism that argues gender difference emerge from oppressive paternalistic structures like the familiar domestic servitude and that the only way to end these differences is to destroy these structures
an early form of feminism that emerged in the middle of the 19th century calling for women the right to vote, own property, and other political rights
a form of feminism that emerged in the 1960's and 1970's that called for women liberation from cultural and social forms of oppression (such as being"forced" to be housewives
Which of the following represents a problematic binary that distorts the ability to observe and analyze the world accurately
Developed state/undeveloped state
What is meant by the term "critical theory"
theories that analyze the world in the hopes of changing it into something different and better
How might a critical theorist explain he rise of the extremist group the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria(ISIS)
ISIS is a reaction to the United States and other western nations, usually at the behest of greedy oil companies, seeking to exploit the Middle East for energy resources (i.e. oil)
According to Marxism, conflict in the modern world usually takes place between which two groups?
The owners of economic production (bourgeoisie) and the exploited workers (proletariat)
What is a "hegemon" according to the textbook?
A leading or dominant state in the world
According to Dependency Theory, which of the following are used by rich countries to control and exploit the poor ones?
Intergovernmental organizations like the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund
A "post-Marxist" approach to looking at global politics, this perspective argues that widespread adoption of "conventional wisdom" hinders marginalized groups and social classes from actively changing the world into something more equitable
World System Theory
This variant of Marxism argues the world is divided into three categories: core, semi-periphery, and periphery
A theory that argues that international institutions creating trading and financial relationships that benefit rich and powerful countrie
Subjects of colonial powers experience certain mental challenges in the development of their personality due to images and messages of inferiority and shame in a territory of colonial occupation
Inaccurate and prejudicial ideas and images in media and culture that reinforce the perception of the residents of the colonies as "exotic" but inferior.
Explanation of the outbreak of Word War One that includes a mixture of economic greed and European racism
According to Frantz Fanon, how does a colonial subject reclaim sovereignty over their ego that has been malformed by the colonial occupying power?
Violent anti-colonial struggle
The following advertisement is an example of which post-colonial theory?
According to postmodernists, power in politics comes not from threats and coercion with military arms but which of the following?
Creating and manipulating discourses, language and texts
From the postmodernist perspective, which of the following if the best explanation of World War One:
There is not one "true" explanation for World War I
Which of the following dangers to US power was elevated through a changing discourse to an "existential threat" in the aftermath of September 11th, 2001?
Chaos Theory is an example of which kind of theory of international politics?
Which of the following is an example of a counterfactual?
If Donald Trump had won the election, there would not have been a Capitol Riot
Which of the following is the best understanding of the idea of deterrence?
Threatening an opponent with dire consequences if they engage in a particular action
Which of the following is NOT a BRICS nation?
In the 21st century, the global capitalist economy is in (or is nearing the end of) which of the following phases of development?
The form of capitalism where the majority of value is derived from assets built around the creation of credit, issuing of debt, and loaning of money
Capitalism that features a focus on maximizing profits, reducing or eliminating government interference in the free market, and bolstering the power of private business and corporations. Usually associated with Great Britain and the United States
Capitalism built around the idea that the wealth created through free economic activity should be shared and redistributed as much as possible. This form of capitalism also gives labor unions and other community actors a prominent say in the direction of the economy. Usually associated with Scandinavia and Western Europe.
The form of capitalism where governments make key decisions in terms of the goals and objectives of the national economy. Private business is still free to pursue profit, but usually under the supervision of governmental authorities. Usually associated with China and Southeast Asia
Which of the following international institutions is most likely to bail out a country that can no longer sustain an enormous debt burden?
International Monetary Fund
What is meant by the term "austerity"?
The practice of cutting public spending on welfare and other state-run programs to ensure they can make the interest payments on their sovereign debt
Signed in 1648, this treaty formally established the legal notion of state sovereignty
Treaty of Westphalia
What is meant by prospect theory in foreign policy?
The idea that when given a choice between maintaining the status quo or making a change that could potentially have positive effects, most states will choose to keep the status quo
What is meant by the term "muddling through" in foreign policy?
Not having a grand foreign policy strategy, but dealing with each event and crisis on a case by case basis
Which of the following is probably the best definition of the "deep state" when studying foreign policy?
The offices and institutions of the government that operate mostly independent and detached from the part of the government that changes with each election
Which of the following refers to the idea that an ethnic or national group has a right to rule itself and not be subject to the authority of rival groups?
What is meant when one says the nation is an "imagined community"?
Nations are not "natrually" occuring phenomena within humanity but are socially constructed by historical events and ideas put forth by dominant groups
What significant event occurred in the year 1848?
A wave of nationalist revolutions took place throughout Europe
Where among the following is there NOT a movement actively working to achieve national independence?
Colorado (from USA)
What is meant by the term "Fordism"?
The process by which factory production becomes the organizing principle of a city and its communities
Which of the following is NOT an NGO?
United Nations International Emergency Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Imagine a mass atrocity has taken place in a hypothetical foreign country. Which of the following represents a reaction to this event from global civil society?
A mass demonstration at the Washington DC embassy of the regime responsible for the atrocity matched by an on-line campaign to raise awareness and organize relief supplies for the victims of the atrocity
What is meant by the "clash of civilizations?"
The idea that global conflict is now better understood as taking place between peoples of differing cultural traditions rather between sovereign states
Which Muslim state today is the most active practioner of Wahhabism?
Which Islamic relgious leader found civilian life in Greeley so repugnant he became a leading advocate for an extreme interpetation of Islam that served as the foundation for the ideologies of Al Qaeda and ISIS?
Diplomatic immunity comes from which source of international law?
Which of the following is a case one would find being tried in the International Criminal Court?
A trial where Charles Taylor of Liberia is accused of crimes against humanity
Which of the following states is NOT a permanent member of the UN Security Council (but probably should be)
Where is the world headquarters of the United Nations Army located?
The UN doesn't have an army
Imagine a lesser developed state has decided to build a large hydroelectric dam but does not have the money to begin construction. To which Bretton Woods institution would this state go to receive a loan to build this project?
Before the financial crash of 2008, the International Monetary Fund provided loans to poor countries to create stable currencies and balance national budgets. After the financial crash, this role has changed. Which of the following best describes this new role for the IMF?
Bailing out banks (mostly in the developed world) and providing funds to states that are in danger of becoming insolvent due to the popping of financial bubbles
The establishment of which institution was the first step to the creation of the European Union?
European Coal and Steel Community
Which of the following organs of the EU is best described as the European Union's executive and bureacratic arm?
Which of the following is NOT a PIIGS nation?
What was the name of the British political party that made immigration control the primary justification for Britain leaving the European Union?
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
What part of the United Kingdom finds itself remaining inside the European Customs Union despite still being under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom?
Which of the following is an activity associated with peacekeeping?
Serving as a buffer between two hostile groups and observing and reporting when one of these groups violates this buffe
Which of the following was Carl von Clausewitz's famous saying about war?
War is the extension of politics by other means
What is meant by the "revolution in military affairs?"
Advances in military technology that change the nature of war and usually give the side that understands these technological changes best victory on the battlefield
Someone who subscribes to just war theory would support a war in which of the following circumstances?
If the war was in self-defense or was authorized by the proper authority
Which of the following is NOT an effect of a nuclear explosion?
Release of poisonous gas that causes asphyxiation
Which of the following nuclear platforms best guarantees a state has a "second strike" capability?
Which of the following classification of weapons is banned by international treaty?
What is the name of the treaty the US and Soviet Union signed in 1987 that both states recently withdrew from?
Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty
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