Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (15)
Explain the three key characteristics that define a small group. How did your group meet/demonstrate these criteria for small groups?
Group Size- we are within three to fifteen people
Interdependence- we relied on each other to complete tasks
Shared Identity and Norms- MS.KAT, we created a group identity so we all felt like we belonged.
Explain two forms of group interdependence
Behavioural- what each person in the group influences others in the group.
Goal- Members rely on each other to complete the tasks which are two complex to be handled by one person.
Explain the Standard Agenda for Decision Making and how it was utilized in your group. What decisions did your group make as they were planning the presentation and how did you go about making those decisions?
Define the problem, Analyze the Problem, Identify the criteria, Generating Solutions or Alternatives, and Evaluating solutions/alternatives.
We used all the steps basically besides defining the problem because the assignment was already assigned to us. We Analyzed the problem by having open discussions about how we wanted to present our topic, We Identified the criteria we needed to meet and came up with ideas for all aspects of our presentation. Finally, we evaluated all our options and came to final decisions about the way we wanted to present our presentation, the activity we wanted to do, and who was going to be in charge of all the roles.
Explain the components that should be included on an agenda and describe how you group managed your meetings, would you change anything in the future?
Agenda show include, Meeting start and stop times/ location/date, Expected attendance, Purpose, Items for discussion, Decision items, and Preparation attendees need to do before the meeting. We always had our tasks for the meeting assigned for the next meeting and had our goals set ahead of time.
The only thing we would say could be changed was assigning someone to turn in the assignments so we didn't turn it in late every time.
Describe groupthink, and explain what causes it and how it can be prevented?
Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
Did your group engage in groupthink? Why or why not?
In the beginning yes, because we were worried about causing conflict. However, in the long run it caused a conflict because not everyone's voice was being heard. Later, we were more conscious of everyone's ideas and tried to encourage them and even form compromises.
Explain the relational category of group roles that members may play. Which of these roles did individuals take on in the group? How?
Maintains a positive interpersonal climate between group members. Also known as maintenance roles because they create and maintain group centered behavior.
Maddy was an encourager
We were all compromisers
Travis was a Gatekeeper, Group observer, and an expediter
Maddy and Kyla were Standard Setters
We were also all followers
Explain the task category of group roles that members may play. Which of these roles did individuals take on in the group? How?
Roles that help or hinder a group's ability to accomplish its goals.
Sefunmi was a Devil's Advocate
Maddy was an Energizer
Travis was an opinion gatherer
Alex was an information gather
Kyla was a task leader
Discuss how social loafing could stem from group members taking ego centered roles?
Social loafing stems from group members taking ego centered roles when there is a lack of group communication, low group discipline, or moral, or confusion over the task.
Explain the difference between avoiding, competing, accommodating, collaborating, and compromising conflict management styles
Avoiding: dodging the issue until it resolves itself, pushing the problem off into the future or all-together ignoring the issue.
Accommodating: putting aside your own priorities and focus on others.
Competing: taking a firm stance with a mindset of negotiating what you want. Focuses more on logical negotiation and less on empathy.
Collaborating: being assertive and cooperative, win-win situations, working with others to find a solution that satisfies everyone.
Compromising: The compromising conflict style is often referred to as a lose-lose method. When you address conflict using this style, you encourage each side to make significant sacrifices.
Explain when effective conflict might occur in a group.
Conflicts that are based on personality such as differing in communication styles or level of effort.
Describe at least one conflict in your group and explain how various members went about managing it.
There was some miscommunication with the sharing of Ideas because some people felt left out but we ended up discussing the problem and realizing we all have the same goal and everyone wanted to work together to accomplish it. We started listening to each other's ideas more often and tried to be as inclusive of everyone as possible.
What is leadership? What are the three leadership styles, and when might each style be appropriate?
Leadership is someone stepping up to guide the group through tasks
Democratic: where everyone's ideas are weighed and taken into account. Used when trust is being built and there is time to do so.
Autocratic: one person takes the lead and solves the issues, used when there is not much time
Laissez-faire: a hands-off approach to leadership. Is used when there is a lot of trust between members.
Who took on leadership responsibilities in your group? What functions of leadership did they demonstrate/perform, and how did they become leaders?
There were a few who took on different leaderships in the group. Kyla created the agenda and led us through meetings while Travis took notes and combined our notes and videos to present to the class. They performed democratic leadership, and listened to all of us. They rose to leading through performance!
Apply (2-3) concepts that you have learned from other chapters (besides Chapter 4) that were necessary in the successful completion of your Small Group Presentation.
We used a supportive climate of problem oriented to use coordination to solve getting our presentation together.
Repeating the main ideas for more clarity in the presentation
We used Metacognitive Listening to make our meetings better
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Other sets by this creator
Middle Ages Review
Women in the Arts Exam 2
Women in the Arts Quiz 1
Other Quizlet sets
Geriatrics NCLEX Questions
Customer Accounts - Account Maintenance
ESPA 3102 Examen 2: Genero Narrativo