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7 terms

Ch. 5 Biology

biology vocab
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Photosynthesis
Process by which plants, algae, and some microorganisms harness solar energy and convert it into chemical energy
Heterotrophs
Organisms that obtain their carbon by consuming preexisting organic molecules
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own organic compounds from inorganic compounds (Water and carbon dioxide)
Chloroplasts
Organelle of photosynthesis- two outside membranes enclose stroma
Chlorophyll
Pigments. a- most abundant photosynthetic pigment in plants algae, and cyanobacteria. b- carotenoids
Light Reactions
Occur in thylakoid membranes and convert solar energy to chemical energy which is used to capture photons and make ATP
Carbon Reactions
Use ATP and NADPH produced in the light reactions to reduce carbon dioxide to glucose