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Week 4 PH: Day 2
Terms in this set (36)
Children;s bodies operate differently than adults, putting them at potentially increased risk for toxic exposure.
Increased respiratory rate translates to a proportionately greater expisure to air polutants.
Immature blood brain barrier.
Kidneys less effective at filtering undersirable chemicals.
What are considerations regarding children's environmental health?
Nurses can guide and drive policy.
1 in every 100 American is a registered nurse.
Nurses have a responsibility to be informed and take action in the best interest of the public.
Nurses can serve as resources for state and federal legislators and staff.
Nurses also work as advocates for environmental justice and rights of others.
2008- Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments. This Allience was created to coalesce nurses and nursing organizations around relevant issues.
What are considerations regarding policy and advocacy on the part of the nurse, in terms of environmental health?
The public health science of epidemiology has made major contributions to:
Understanding the factors that contribute to health and disease
The development of health promotion and disease-prevention measures
The detection and characterization of emerging infectious agents.
The evaluation of health services and policies.
The practice of nursing in public health.
What are basic considerations regarding epidemiology?
Epidemiology is the study of populations to:
Determine the causes of health and disease in a population
Monitor the health of the population
Identify the determinants of health and disease in communities
Investigate and evaluate interventions to prevent disease and maintain health.
What are considerations regarding the purpose of epidemiology?
Epidemiology; the study of the distribution and factors that determine health related states or events in a population, and the use of this information to control health problems.
Descriptive epidemiology: A form of epidemiology that describes a disease according to its person, place or time.
Determinants of health events: Those factors, exposures, characteristics, behaviors and contexts that determine 9orinfluence) the patterns. for example, what is the disease, who is affected, where are they, and when do events occur?
Analytic epidemiology: Loos at the etiology (origins or causes) of the disease and deals with determinants of health and disease. For example: How does it occur? Why are some people affected more than others?
Define epidemiology, descriptive epidemiology and analytical epidemiology?
Nurses look at health and at disease causation and how both prevent and treat illness.
Nurses are involved in the surveillance and monitoring of disease trends, for examples, homes, schools, work places and clinics.
What are considerations regarding how nurses use epidemiology?
Assessment: Monitor health and diagnose and investigate
Policy development: Inform, educate, empower, mobilize community partnerships, develop policies.
Assurance: Enforce laws, link to services, assure competent workforce, and evaluate.
What are examples of assurance, assessment and polic developmeny?
A proportion is a type of ratio in which the denominator includes the numerator, often expressed as a percent.
What is a proportion?
A rate is a measure of the frequency of a health event in a defined population, usually in a specified period of time, a measure of how rapidly something is happening.
What is a rate?
Risk refer to the probability that an event will occur within a specific time period.
An incidence rate quantifies the rate of development of new cases in a population at risk, whereas an incidence proportion indicates the proprotion of the population at risk who experience the event over some period of time.
Define incidence rate and incidence porportion?
The prevalence proportion is a measure of existing disease in a population at a particular time (such as the number of existing cases divided by the current population).
Define prevalence porportion?
The attack rate is defined as the proportion of persons who are exposed to an agent and develop the disease, this is often specific to an exposure.
Define attack rate?
Mortality Rates: Are informative only for fatal diseases and do not provide direct information about either the level of existing disease in the population or the risk of contracting any particular disease. Many commonly used mortality are in fact proportions, not true rates. They are also calculated for specific groups.
What are considerations regarding mortality rates?
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