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Psychology Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (32)
the study of behavior and mental processes
What is the difference between "behavior" and "mental process"?
Behavior- something that is observable (can be measured)
Mental Process- hidden behavior or internal action
What are the five goals of psychology?
to observe, to describe, to explain, to predict, and to control behavior
What is the differences between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system?
Central nervous system- the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system- all the other nerve cells are sending and receiving messages throughout your body
What is the part of the brain that controls sleep and alertness?
What is the part of the brain that controls our vital body functions?
What is the part of the brain that controls balance and coordination?
What is the part of the brain that controls hunger and thirst?
What is the sleep disorder that the person cannot sleet?
What is the sleep disorder that can stop breathing while sleeping, associated with snoring?
What is the sleep disorder that a person can fall into a deep sleep very suddenly?
Explain a concussion. How does a concussion affect a person?
The brain gets rattled inside the skull. It affects a person by them having a headache, dizziness, nausea, light sensitivity, and sensitive to sounds
What are some causes of sleep deprivation?
stress, electronics, homework, diet, and work
Explain Pavlov's dog experiment. (Unconditioned Stimulus, Unconditioned Response, Conditioned Stimulus, Conditioned Response)
UCR- mouths to water
CR- mouths water
What is taste aversion?
When you feel sick after eating a certain food that once caused sickness
What can you do to improve your memory?
Improve diet, control stress level, exercise your brain, sense of humor
According to Freud, what are the three parts of personality?
Id (bad guy), Ego (balance/most realistic), Superego (goodie goodie)
Describe someone who is an extrovert.
outgoing, come off as being loud, usually have a large group of friends
Describe someone who is an introvert.
shy, quiet, have a few very close friends
Describe dissociative identity disorder (DID).
multiple personality, happens in females more than males, connected to child abuse, hypnosis is usually used as a treatment
How did the character in the movie Sybil demonstrate DID?
She had 13 different personalities, abuse as a child, had blackouts for time spans, and had many triggers
What are 4 personality traits specific to women?
nurturing, caring, sensitive, and romantic
What are 4 personality traits specific to men?
macho, aggressive, stubborn, and strong
What are 3 stressors in your life?
college, money, relationships, school, job, drama, and issues at home
What are 2 negative physical effects of stress?
headaches, heart disease, exhaustion, and cancers
What are 3 ways to dell with stress?
exercising, cleaning, sleeping, and substance abuse
What are three types of therapy used to treat psychological disorders?
Medication, Group therapy, Electric shock, hypnosis
What is your opinion of using animals for scientific research?
I think that it is fine on certain animals. I know that it can be necessary for certain scientific research.
What is your opinion of using science to create genetically superior babies?
I don't like the idea of genetically superior babies because it is not natural. God makes the things that happen to us happen because it makes us grow as people. If people could just pick out their perfect baby then they would have what they want.
Do you think nature (genes) or nurture (environment) has more influence on an individual? Give one example to explain your opinion?
I think that nurture has more of an influence on an individual because the people that you grow up around make you who you are. If a kid grows up in a happy home with parents that love him he is going to be different from a kid that grew up without parents.
Describe one online IQ test. What type of questions did the test include? How was the test scored? Did you find the test accurate?
The test had a ton of questions that were focused on problem solving and logic. ??
Choose one psychological disorder and describe its symptoms, who it affects, the treatment used, and how it affects a person's daily life.
Panic disorder is when a person experiences unexpected recurring panic attacks. Some symptoms are fear of having a panic attack, racing heartbeat, shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating or chills. White women have a higher chance of getting this disorder. Psychotherapy and medications are the treatments for this disorder. A person does not have control over their body, has anxiety, and is always in fear of having another attack.
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