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Chapter 27: Antilipidemic Drugs
Terms in this set (12)
A patient with elevated lipid levels has a new prescription for nicotinic acid (niacin). The nurse informs the patient that which adverse effects may occur with this medication?
A. Pruritus, cutaneous flushing
B. Tinnitus, urine with a burnt odor
C. Myalgia, fatigue
D. Blurred vision, headaches
Pruritus, cutaneous flushing
A patient reports having adverse with nicotinic acid (niacin). The nurse can suggest performing which action to minimize these undesirable effects?
A. Take the drug on an empty stomach
B. Take the medication every other day until the effects subside
C. Take an aspirin tablet 30 minutes before taking the drug
D. Take the drug with large amounts of fiber
Take an aspirin tablet 30 minutes before taking the drug
A patient calls the clinic office saying that the cholestyramine (Questran) powder he started yesterday clumps and sticks to the glass when he tries to mix it. The nurse will suggest what method for mixing this medication for administration?
A. Mix the powder in a carbonated soda drink to dissolve it faster.
B. Add the powder to any liquid, and stir vigorously to dissolve it quickly.
C. Mix the powder with food or fruit, or at least 4 to 6 ounce of fluid.
D. Sprinkle the powder into a spoon and take it dry, followed by a glass of water.
Mix the powder with food or fruit, or at least 4 to 6 ounce of fluid.
A patient is concerned about the adverse effects of the fibric acid derivative she is taking to lower her cholesterol level. Which is an adverse effect of this class of medication?
C. Joint pain
D. Dry mouth
While a patient is receiving antilipidemic therapy, the nurse knows to monitor the patient closely for the development of which problem?
B. Pulmonary problems
C. Vitamin C deficiency
D. Liver dysfunction
A patient tells the nurse that he likes to eat large amounts of garlic "to help lower his cholesterol levels naturally." The nurse reviews his medication history and notes that which drug has a potential interaction with the garlic?
A. Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
B. Warfarin (Coumadin)
C. Digoxin (Lanoxin)
D. Phenytoin (Dilantin)
A patient with coronary artery disease asks the nurse about the "good cholesterol" laboratory values. The nurse knows that "good cholesterol" refers to which lipids?
B. Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs)
C. Very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs)
D. High-density lipoproteins (HDLs)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs)
A patient who has recently started therapy on a statin drug asks the nurse how long it will take until he sees an effect on his serum cholesterol. Which statement would be the nurse's best response?
A. "Blood levels return to normal within a week of beginning therapy."
B. "It takes 6 to 8 weeks to see a change in cholesterol levels."
C. "It takes at least 6 months to see a change in cholesterol levels."
D. "You will need to take this medication for almost a year to see significant results."
"It takes 6 to 8 weeks to see a change in cholesterol levels."
The nurse will monitor for myopathy (muscle pain) when a patient is taking which class of antilipidemic drugs?
B. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
C. Fibric acid derivatives
D. Bile acid sequestrants
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
When teaching a patient who is beginning antilipidemic therapy about possible drug-food interactions, the nurse will discuss which food?
B. Grapefruit juice
D. Dairy products
The nurse is conducting a class about antilipidemic drugs. The antilipidemic drug ezetimibe (Zetia) works by which mechanism?
A. Inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase
B. Preventing resorption of bile acids from the small intestines
C. Activating lipase, which breaks down cholesterol
D. Inhibiting cholesterol absorption in the small intestine
Inhibiting cholesterol absorption in the small intestine
Antilipidemic drug therapy is prescribed for a patient, and the nurse is providing instructions to the patient about the medication. Which instructions will the nurse include? Select all that apply.
A. Limit fluid intake to prevent fluid overload.
B. Eat extra servings of raw vegetables and fruit
C. Report abnormal or unusual bleeding or yellow discoloration of the skin.
D. Report the occurrence of muscle pain immediately.
E. Drug interactions are rare with antilipidemics.
F. Take the drug 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals to maximize absorption
Eat extra servings of raw vegetables and fruit.
Report abnormal or unusual bleeding or yellow discoloration of the skin.
Report the occurrence of muscle pain immediately.
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