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Behavioral theory states that at least four variables influence a person's decision to change.
Four variables that influence a person's decision to change: (Health-Belief Model)
1. Perceived susceptibility of illness
2. Perceived seriousness of illness
3. Barriers to change
4. Benefits of change
Transtheoretical Theory Model
Stages of Behavior Change:
Pre-contemplation Stage - Stage of Change
Stage during which people are physically inactive and are not even intending to begin an activity program.
Contemplation Stage - Stage of Change
Stage consisting of people who are still inactive but are thinking about becoming more active in the near future (within the next 6 months).
Preparation Stage - Stage of Change
Stage marked by some engagement in physical activity, as individuals are mentally and physically preparing to adopt an activity program.
Action Stage - Stage of Change
Stage compromised of people who are engaging in regular physical activity but have been doing so for less than 6 months.
Maintenance Stage - Stage of Change
Stage marked by regular physical activity participation for longer than 6 months.
Evaluation of pros and cons about adopting and/or maintaining an activity program.
Common Cognitive Distortions
1. Jumping to conclusions
2. All-or-nothing thinking
3. Magnification and minimization
6. Personalization and blame
Stages of the Client-Personal Trainer Relationship
When personal trainers meet new clients for the first time, they begin by breaking the ice and building rapport.
Gather Information: Discuss the client's health, fitness and lifestyle information, any available test results, physician recommendations, and the client's goals and exercise history.
Investigation Stage Skills
Active Listening and Motivational Interviewing
Generating and discussing alternatives
Formulating a plan
Evaluating the exercise program
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