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Nutrition -Unit 3
Terms in this set (25)
Because obesity affects many organ systems and hormones, impairing body functions:
it is now considered a disease
what BMI is considered obese, requiring counseling about a weight- loss dietary plan?
what is the BMI calculation for a patient that measures 5'4" in height and 175 pounds in weight?
64 x 64= 4096
.043 x 703 = 30!
what describes a diet least likely to result in obesity?
A diet with a variety of fruits, whole grains, and vegetables
Identify which heart disease risk factors are modifiable.
* sedentary life style
* BMI 32 kg/m2
* Diet high in trans fats
which statement is true?
obese children and teenagers are at increased risk of coronary heart disease
You are working in a family medicine clinic with a 22 year old patient. You note a BMI of 17. what counsel might you give this patient?
At this BMI, you are at increased risk of infertility, osteoporosis, and premature death. Let's find solutions.
what health risks clearly increase with BMI? select all that apply.
* Heart disease
* Type II diabetes
* premature death
* sleep apnea
what is true regarding genetic influence on body weight?
body weights of parents are often predictive of body weights of children even when they do not raise them
To maintain weight in the long term, patients should:
Balance energy expenditure with energy intake; eat just enough calories for activity level
you can only "DRAFT" five pieces of advice for weight loss. Which do you choose?
* reduce processed foods
* increase activity
* when you want food, ask yourself, "am I hungry"?
* eat 5 small meals to maintain energy throughout the day
* Limit sugary drinks
which person is most likely to lose weight and keep it off?
one who sticks to their diet long term
which is true of weight loss?
10% reduction in total body weight has consistently been shown to improve health and decrease risk.
what would a 180 pound person have to lose to show health benefits, on average?
18 pounds (too weight 162 pounds)
what would a 265 pound person have to lose to show health benefits, on average?
26.5 pounds (to weigh 238..5 pounds)
what would a 430 pound person have to lose to show health benefits, on average?
43 pounds (to weigh 397 pounds)
which is likely not an appropriate, sustainable weight loss goal?
To lose 20 pounds in a month and be envied by friends
What is true of water intake and weight loss?
There is evidence to support that drinking 48 oz of water or more supports weight loss
which foods are likely appropriate for consistent inclusion on a weight reduction dietary plan? choose all that apply.
* baked fish
* broiled skinless chicken breast
* steamed green vegetables
which are thought to societal factors in the obesity epidemic? choose all that apply.
* more desk-basked, low-activity jobs
* increasing size of food portions at restaurants and home
* Increased consumption of processed foods.
what is inappropriate advice to a family of a 14 year old with anorexia?
serve separate meals to different family members.
what is true of physical activity, in conjunction with diet, to support weight loss?
patients should strive for 90 minutes of moderate physical activity at least 3 times week
what isa legal supplement bodybuilders take in an effort to increase muscle mass and increase nitrogen retention?
what are anthropometrics?
weight management assessment tools including weight, height, and waist size
How do you calculate Physical Activity Level? (PAL)
total energy expenditure/basal metabolic rate
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