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what is true of nutrition for infants?
human milk contains immune factors that infant formula does not
why is juice not recommended for infants? choose all that apply.
* contributes to dental decay
* lacks fiber and may contribute to diarrhea
* its is a highly caloric source of fluid
which behavior may contribute to risk of dental caries in infancy?
what parent behaviors may put a child at risk of having poor relationship with food? choose all that apply.
* never involve children in meal planning
* avoiding offering children choices
how does the CDC define overweight in childhood?
BMI-for-age over the 85th percentile
when teaching kindergarteners (5-6 years old) about choose my plate, what would an appropriate educational strategy be?
teach them a rhyme with the concepts
when teaching 8-1- year olds about healthy meal planning, what would an appropriate educational strategy be?
have the write out a description of a healthy menu with different food groups
you are working in a pediatrics practice and have an appointment with an obese 9 year old boy and his parents. What are some pieces of advice you might give the family? check all that apply.
*high levels of family stress can contribute to poor eating habits.
*limit portion sizes and avoid frequent restaurant meals
*encourage the child to help choose and prepare meals
*encourage physically active play and not just desk-based study
*provide and model choices of healthy plant-based snacks and colorful fruits and vegetables at meals
what are some strategies to avoid when teaching high school students about nutrition? choose all that apply.
* focus on how good nutrition will make them pretty
*explain ways to skip or replace meals
a healthy 17-year old girl is reading a nutrition label and sees that a product would this girl need to have that day to get the recommended amount of calcium from that product alone?
a nurse if evaluating a 16 year old boy with short stature (stunted linear growth), poor bone development, and cognitive developmental delays. what might be a dietary cause of this boy's condition?
what nutrient do young adolescents have an increased need for, relative to adults?
what is appropriate advice to give a newly pregnant mother?
alcohol should be avoided during all trimesters of pregnancy
what is a possible effect of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the fetus?
permanent developmental disability
what nutrient reduces the risk of neural tube defects?
folate/ folic acid
what are some good dietary sources of folate?
lentils, spinach, oats
how can a pregnant mother minimize the risk of preterm delivery? select all that apply.
*abstain from tobacco and drugs prior to conception and through pregnancy
*discontinue use of all alcohol
*maintain a health weight
*maintain a healthy diet to help prevent gestational diabetes
what is FALSE about breastfeeding?
it is a reliable form of birth control
why are adults over 70 years of age more vulnerable to inadequacy of one or more dietary nutrients?
different gastrointestinal physiology interferes with absorption
what are some potential of prebiotics and probiotics for an older adult? choose all that apply.
decreased total cholesterol, control of irritable bowel syndrome-yogurt/cultured products, support immune system functioning, rebuild bone density
how might you advise a patient about adapting to other adulthood?
to avoid obesity, remain active, and realize your overall caloric needs may decrease
a patient is considering adding a dietary supplement and wants to know more. what should they do first?
discuss it with their healthcare provider
to which patient, represented b a quote in a meeting with the nurse, should the nurse recommend a dietary supplement?
the doctor said my labs showed that I have iron-deficiency anemia
The phrase "Not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease":
Is required to appear on the label of all supplements
Which vitamins can be flushed out in the urine stream if they are in moderate excess? select all that apply.
* B Vitamins
* Vitamin C
Match the supplement with what it aims to improve
*Ergogenic Aid: athletic performance
*Probiotic: digestive problems
*Galactagogue: breast milk production
supplements may or may not contain an active ingredient. what else may they contain
"Extra ingredients" that are unlisted and are similar to fillers in Rx drugs
how should you counsel a patient about providing information about the supplements they take to the health care team?
supplements can interact with medicine and make the medicine's effect too strong.
Match the nutrient with its deficiency:
*Iodine: brain damager, intellectual impairment, goiter
*Vitamin A: blindness in young children
*Vitamin D: rickets
why do many women take calcium supplements?
* To reduce risk of osteoporosis
should be avoided while on warfarin (coumadin)
what is unavailable in plant foods, and therefore may need to be consumed as a supplement to a vegetarian diet?
what nutrients ARE available in plant foods, but may require special consideration in a vegetarian diet? select all that apply
* vitamin D
* Protein- can be hardest MACRONUTRIENT on a vegetarian diet
* calcium- must be in a bioavailable form
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