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BIO 10: Plant Structure and Function
Terms in this set (39)
Within phloem tissue, glucose and other sugars are always transported from a(n) _______.
a part of the plant where sugar is stored or produced
a part of the plant where sugar is used
Water exits a plant through pores called __________.
Surrounding each pore is a pair of cells called __________ that regulate the opening of the pore.
Water and minerals are transported from the roots to the rest of the plant in ________
sugars are transported from one part of the plant to another in __________
The _____________ system is a series of tubes within the body of plant through which water, minerals, and sugars are transported
Xylem sap is moved through a plant's body by the process of ________, which relies on the evaporation from the leaves to pull water up the body of a plant.
The ______ are small pores in the dermal tissue system that allow for gas exchange
The _______ control the openings of the gas-exchanging pores in the dermal tissue system.
Cells that conduct sugars and other nutrients form a tissue called the _________
Water-conducting cells form a tissue called the _______
The _________ is the tissue system that is the bulk of the plant, containing tissues that do not belong to the other two tissue systems.
ground tissue system
The ____________ is the tissue system that forms a long-distance transportation system for the plant (analogous to the human circulatory system).
vascular tissue system
The ___________ is the tissue system that forms a layer of outer protection for the plant (analogous to human skin).
dermal tissue system
The ground tissue of a leaf, which is the primary site of photosynthesis, is called ________
The growth rings of a tree occur during ____________ growth, the thickening of a plant over many growing seasons.
___________ are plants that sprout from a seed, grow, flower, and die all in one growing season.
All growth of a flowering plant takes place within specialized tissues called _______
In the process of _________ growth, a plant lengthens upward toward sunlight.
_______ are plants that grow and produce seeds for many seasons before they die
__________ are plants that sprout from a seed and grow in their first season, and then produce seeds and fruit and die in the next growing season
The _______ system includes all of the plant structures that are above the ground
Where is the site of carbon dioxide uptake by a plant?
what produces nitrogen in a form that can be used directly by the plant, without conversion?
ammonifying bacteria and nitrogen fixing bacteria
The _______ cells perform photosynthesis and cellular respiration. They are the most abundant type of cell in a typical plant body.
The _________ cells die as they mature, forming a rigid skeleton that helps support a growing plant.
long, thin water-conducting cells with tapered ends
short, wide water-conducting cells
water molecules sticking to other water molecules
an important part of the mechanism that pulls water from a plant's roots to its leaves
List the order in which water moves through a plant and into the atmosphere
Root, xylem, leaf cells, air space inside leaves, outside air
_________ allows plants to be selective about the molecules that enter the xylem?
waxy barrier in the plant root
The terminal sperm-producing flower part is the _____; if a pollen grain is lucky, it will land on the terminal female part of the flower, the _____.
What part of a flowering plant develops to form the fruit?
ovary cells develop to form the fruit
What is a seed composed of?
an embryo, the endosperm (food supply), and the seed coat
Double fertilization is unique to flowering plants. How does it work?
A pollen grain delivers two sperm. One fertilizes the egg, and the other combines with two haploid nuclei to form the triploid endosperm
In flowering plants, the main visible plant body is the _____.
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