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Test 6- The West Between the Wars
Terms in this set (34)
Which would be the best explanation of how Hitler gained totalitarian control over Germany?
The Enabling Act gave him power to ignore the Constitution
What was Kristallnacht or the Night of Shattered/Broken Glass?
It was a destructive Nazi rampage against the Jews
In a depression, economic activity is ____ and unemployment is ____.
Which list was included as part of the Nuremberg Laws?
Jews sent to concentration camps, asked to emigrate from Germany, and banned from public transport
All totalitarian regime use propaganda, but for what purpose?
Affect public opinion domestically
Which dictator was appointed Prime Minister of their country?
What were some causes of the Great Depression?
- Stock Market Crash of 1929
- Global dependency on US economy
- European rebuilding after WWI
Why did the U.S. refuse to join the League of Nations?
Congress didn't want to be involved in World affairs
What is the best reason why the Stock Market crash in the USA was a contributor to the Great Depression?
There was no other global economy that could help bail out the USA
Which reasoning would the dictators use to create organizations like the Hitler Youth or Fascist Youth?
Focusing attention on the younger generations would give them a loyal military for the future
Stalin used ____ to add rapid industrialization to the USSR, which created problems throughout the cities of the Soviet Union.
Five Year Plan
"All _____ must be popular and its intellectual level must be adjusted to the most limited intelligence among those it is adressed to."
"The art of _____ lies in understanding to emotional ideas of the masses and finding, through a psychologically correct form, the way to the attention and thense to the heart of the broad masses."
Which major belief of Adolf Hitler was being explained in the excerpt from Mein Kampf?
Failing out of school, being rejected from art school, and fighting on the Western Front brought about which of Hitler's ideals?
Need for Struggle
What were tactics used by all 3 dictators?
Secret police, propaganda, outlawing of the other political parties
What is the best description of Hitler's dream of an Aryan Nation?
a county filled with racially pure people descended from the Greek/Roman Empires
What was the negative result of Stalin's Great Purge on the population of the USSR?
targeting of neighbors, friends, coworkers, etc.
What did both Franklin D. Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler do to help their countries get out of the Great Depression?
Besides the Pope/Catholic church, who else limited Mussolini's power?
King Victor Emmanuel
Which is the best reason why Stalin gained power over Leon Trotsky in Russia?
He chose the members of the Politburo
Which did Hitler use to bring about his dream of an Aryan Racial State?
- Nuremberg Laws
- Public Spectacles
- SS and their use of terror
Which European country had the worst amount of inflation and worst unemployment rate during the Great Depression?
Which would be an example of propaganda Mussolini might use?
"Sacrifice your life for the good of the state by joining the Fascists."
Which would be an example of propaganda Hitler might use?
"Let's work together to build the Aryan Nation."
Which would be an example of propaganda Stalin might use?
"Industrialization and Collectivization are the keys to superiority."
What was Hitler's purpose for the first then second set of Nuremberg laws?
Identification then Alienation
Why did France invade the Rhineland?
They needed the industry to pay Germany's war debts
The Treaty of Locarno and the Kellog-Briand Pact would have been effective if...
countries had not been keeping large armies
Chose the political party order for Germany, Italy, and USSR.
Nazi, Fascist, Communist
Germany after WWI
After WWII Germany was very poor due to reparations and damage. France took over the Rhineland, where all their industry was, because they couldn't pay. An inflation occurred where the value of money went down and prices go up but when they printed more money to fix the problem a hyperinflation occurred.
FDR / New Deal
When FDR came into office he introduced the New Deal which was to create jobs funded by deficit spending. Economically it didn't help but socially it did because it was better to have a job than to be jobless.
Fascism is the belief for individual sacrifice for the good of a whole country. Mussolini implemented these beliefs into his dictatorship of Italy.
Collectivization is when the government owns all the farm land but the peasants work it. When Stalin implemented this the peasants hoarded food and killed livestock but Stalin responded with punishments.
Mein Kampf / Enabling Act
During Hitler's imprisonment he wrote an autobiography called Mein Kampf explaining his beliefs which became popular and earned him a pardon from jail. Due to his popularity from his book and his speeches, President Hindenburg gave him the title of chancellor and the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act that allowed him to bypass the German Constitution.
5 of the Nuremberg laws
1. Jews had to wear the star of David
2. not allowed to have German citizenship
3. forbade them from mixed marriages
4. had to carry identification
5. not allowed to own, manage, or work in retail stores
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