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HRM Final Exam
Terms in this set (20)
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; international trade framework of rules and principles for reducing trade barriers across countries around the world. EStablished the WTO. They have worked to cut tariffs, reduce government subsidies to businesses, expand protection of intellectuak property such as copyrights and patents, and establish rules for investing and trading.
general differences between types of cultures
Culture is the set of important assumptions that members of a community share. Culture affects other 3 HR factors: economics, education, political-legal system.
the degree to which a society emphasizes individuals and their self-interests
concerns how a culture deals with hierarchical power relationships - particularly the unequal distribution of power.
Denmark has a low one, philipines has a high one
describes how cultures seek to deal with an unpredictable future. High security countries have high uncertainty avoidance
describes the division or roles between sexes
long-term short term orientation
describes how a culture balances immediate benefits with future rewards
An inpatriate is a foreign employee brought in to work in the headquarters location. They may be either third country national or local-country national from foreign locations. An expatriate is an employee who works and lives in a country other that that of their national origin
flexible benefit plans also known as
CAFETERIA PLANS allow employees to choose benefits suited to their needs
why do companies outsource
Reduces and controls operating costs: Outsourcing is often cheaper than hiring on an employee, and it also takes away some level of uncertainty about costs. The contract will determine exactly what will get done and for what price
Improves company focus: By outsourcing less important tasks, you increase the company's focus on tasks that are deemed more vital.
Expands talent pool: Rather than relying on the talents among your employees, outsourcing allows you to draw from a virtually endless pool of potential talent.
Shares risk with another company: The contractor or contracting company will share some of the responsibility for completing the tasks that are assigned to them.
Collective bargaining agreement
A contract negotiated by the employer and representatives of the labor union, and it covers issues related to employment.
Although power relationships have a significant impact on outcomes in collective negotiation, few theoretical treatments of the determinants of power in collective bargaining have been developed. Building on a general theory of bargaining power developed by Bacharach and Lawler, the authors present a comprehensive model of power in collective bargaining. They suggest that power stems from multiple legal, economic, social, and structural sources that are controllable to varying degrees by union and management. When combined with certain "transformational factors," such as commitment to the bargaining relationship and information available to the parties, potential bargaining power is converted to the actual power that union and management negotiators bring to bear on a collective bargaining relationship. Practical applications and suggestions for further research are discussed.
pros and cons of offering health insurance
Attracting and retaining the most qualified employees:
may not be enough to retain some employees
Current applications of knowledge, procedures, and equipment that have not been previously used. Usually involves replacing human labor with equipment, information processing, or some combination of the two.
What did John Dunlop say about effective industrial relations systems?
They consist of four elements:
1) am environmental context (technology, market pressures, legal framework)
2) participants, including employees and their unions, management, and government
3) a web of rules that describe the process by which labor and management interact and resolve disagreements
HE says an effective industrial relations system does not eliminate conflict. It provides institutions that resolve conflict in a way that minimizes cost to management, employees, and socciety.
Associate union membership
A form of union membership by which the union receives dues in exchange for services (e.g., health insurance, credit cards) but does not provide representation in collective bargaining.
Associate membership programs allow non-union workers to be part of the union movement, and all the workplace fairness issues that unions stands for. While unions of course hope their associate members will be more amenable to workplace organizing efforts than other workers might be, the associate member ranks have the potential to represent a powerful political force in their own right.
Workplace Fairness is proud to be allied with one associate membership program, the Associate Member program of the United Steelworkers of America.
· What part of a CBA are shift operations & hazardous work included
Typical Provisions in Collective Bargaining Contracts
Establishment and administration of agreement
functions, rights, and responsibilities
job or income security
paid and unpaid leave
employee benefit plans
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
1) Employers must take care not to discriminate against workers over age 40 in the provision of pay or benefits.
2) Early retirement incentive programs need to meet standards to be legal: employee is not coerced, accurate info is provided, and employee is given adequate time to make a decision
· 1st step to determine trends or events that may impact a company
Scans the environment to determine the trends or events that might have an impact on the organization.
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