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Final Exam Anatomy
Final Exam Anatomy Quizzes
Terms in this set (80)
T/F: The Transverse Plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into inferior and superior portions
False (is a horizontal plane)
The carpal region is _____ to the brachial region
T/F: Unless in the exact same location, a Sagittal plane would be parallel to any Median plane.
T/F: The cranial, facial, and pelvic bones are all part of the axial skeleton.
False (pelvic is not)
T/F: Movement of the arm away from the midline in the frontal plane is termed: Adduction
T/F: The zygomatic arch is made up of the zygomatic process of the zygomatic bone and the temporal process of the temporal bone.
False (switch the processes)
T/F: The right mastoid process is inferior, medial, and posterior of the right lacrimal bone.
False (not medial)
T/F: The right parietal bone is posterior to the frontal bone and superior to the right temporal bone.
T/F: Thoracic vertebrae have three foramen
T/F: The manubrium is one of the facial bones
False (chest bone)
The name of the three arterial branches off from the aortic arch are the:
Brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid, and left subclavian
The end of the aorta occurs when the vessel bifurcates or splits into the:
Common iliac arteries
Which of the following structures work with the AV valves to prevent backflow of blood from the ventricle into the atria?
Chordae Tendinae and Papillary Muscle
Which of the following does not characterize blood flow in the human body?
Arteries always carry oxygenated blood
The basilar artery is formed when the ____ arteries join together.
Which carries blood from the liver to the inferior vena cava?
T/F: The circumflex artery along with the posterior interventricular artery branch from the left coronary artery.
False (PIA branches from circumflex artery)
T/F: The right and left coronary arteries are the only branches of the ascending aorta
T/F: All of the heart's sulci house blood vessels supply the myocardium
T/F: The Celiac trunk is found superior to the inferior mesenteric artery in the thoracic aorta region.
False (abdominal region)
Which organ is not part of the GI tract?
B. Large Intestine
D. Oral Cavity
Which is not considered to be an accessory digestive organ?
D. Gall Bladder
E. Salivary Gland
The initial site of both mechanical and chemical digestion is the:
Which salivary glands produce the largest volume of saliva?
Which duct transports bile to and from the gallbladder?
Common Bile Duct
T/T: During swallowing, elevation of the uvula and soft palate prevents food or fluid from entering the nasopharynx.
T/F: Pancreatic juice is secreted by the exocrine pancreatic acini.
Urine travels within the ureters via gravity.
False (smooth muscles do it)
Renal papilla drain renal pyramids into the:
T/F: Nephron loops are part of the renal corpuscle.
False (part of the loop of Henle)
T/F: Mobility and stability are inversely related when discussing joints/ articulations.
T/F: Synovial joints are always diarthrotic
A type of joint that is less moveable than a ampiarthrotic joint is:
T/F: The joint between the facets of adjacent vertebrae is classified as a pivot joint.
False (pivot joint is in the neck only)
T/F: The joint between a tooth and the mandible or maxilla is called a gomphosis
Which of the following is not found in synovial joints?
B. Synovial Membrane
C. Articular Cartilage
D. Interosseous Membranes
D. Interosseous Membranes
T/F: The Interosseous membrane is often found two bones in syndesmotic joints
T/F: A biaxial joint (Saddle Joint) moves in two or more planes
False (two planes)
The ends of the bones found in a saddle joint are:
Concave/ convex and concave/ convex
T/F: A planar joint is the least moveable diarthrotic synovial joint
T/F: The posterior cord splits into the axillary and musculocutaneous nerve branches.
False (Axillary and Radial)
T/F: The C4 and C5 nerve root merge to form the superior trunk of the brachial plexus.
False (C5 and C6)
The strongest supinator is the:
The 1st carpal/ metacarpal joint is an example of what type of joint?
The humeral/ radial joint is an example of what type of joint?
T/F: The adductor pollicus longus, extensor pollicus longus and extensor pollicus brevis make up the border of the "anatomical snuff box."
False (Abductor Pollicus Longus)
Which of the following is NOT part of the rotator cuff?
C. Teres Major
E. Teres Minor
C. Teres Major
The nerve most affected in a case of carpal tunnel syndrome is the:
T/F: The muscle that allows you to show how sophisticated you are by straightening your fifth finger while drinking tea, is the flexor digiti minimi.
False (extensor digitorum)
T/F: The muscle of the thenar eminence are the abductor pollicus brevis, flexor pollicus brevis and opponens pollicus.
T/F: The lumbar plexus is made up of spinal nerves L1 to L4 and leads to nerves that intervate the posterior thigh
False (L1 to L5)
The Tibio Femoral Joints (Medial and Lateral) are identified as ____ type of synovial joints
T/F: The deltoid ligament group is found on the medial aspect of the ankle.
T/F: The Medial Collateral Ligament of the knee can also be termed the fibular Collateral ligament.
False (Its the MCL so it cant idk)
T/F: The Sciatic nerve is actually two nerves in a common sheath... the Common fibular and tibial.
T/F: The common fibular nerve originates from the posterior division of the Sacral Plexus and is responsible for Dorsiflexion of the foot at the ankle and Extension of the toes.
The talo crural joint is an example of a ____ joint.
T/F: The fibers of the ACL run between anterior, medial, inferior and posterior, lateral, and superior aspects of the Tibiofemoral Joint.
T/F: The femoral nerve is responsible for hip extension and knee flexion
False (Hip flexion and knee extension)
T/F: The obturator nerve supplies myotomes and dermatomes located in the medial upper thigh.
The muscle that makes up the most superficial portion of the calf of the lower leg is:
The muscle that extends the great toe is:
Extensor hallucis longus
Which of the following is not a hamstring muscle?
A. Bicep Femoris
B. Semi Tendinosus
C. Rectus Femoris
D. Semi Membranosus
C. Rectus Femoris
One of the largest muscles in the body and the one responsible for extending and laterally rotating the thigh is:
The longest muscle of the body is:
T/F: The ankle joint is the only joint which allows dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.
T/F: Anterior muscles of the hip joint extend the thigh.
False (They flex the thigh, Posterior extend)
T/F: Hamstring muscles extend the thigh on the hip and flex the lower leg on the thigh.
T/F: At the knee joint the articular capsule covers the anterior, medial, and lateral portions of the joint.
False (It also covers posterior)
T/F: The quadriceps is a composite muscle consisting of 4 heads that work together to flex the lower leg on the thigh.
False (they extend the lower leg on the thigh)
T/F: A feedback loop where a stimulus starts a process and a hormone is secreted to stop it is termed a Positive Feedback Loop
(False) A Negative Feedback Loop
T/F: The vestibule and cochlea are involved in equilibrium and hearing respectively.
T/F: Proprioceptors sense changes in body position.
T/F: The parathyroid glands are influenced by the hypothalamus and help control levels of calcium in the blood.
False (they make hormones that then control the calcium levels int the blood)
T/F: The thymus is responsible for regulation of metabolism.
False (makes T cells and other hormones for immune system)
T/F: Target cells are cells in the endocrine system that interact with any hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream.
False (target cells interact with certain hormones)
T/F: Lacrimal fluid contains lysozyme which help fight bacterial infections.
T/F: The anterior cavity of the eye contains vitreous humor.
False (Posterior cavity does)
T/F: The cornea transmits and refracts light.
T/F: The auditory ossicles are located within the inner ear
False (they are in middle ear)
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