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25 terms

Muscular System (Ch. 4) Diagnostics and Treatments

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deep tendon reflexes (DTR)
tested with a reflex hammer that is used to strike a tendon
range of motion testing (ROM)
diagnostic procedure to evaluate joint mobility and muscle strength
electromyography
diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation
electroneuromyography
diagnostic procedure for testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of the nerve trunk that carries fibers to and from the muscle
antispasmodic
medication administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, intestine, or bladder
skeletal muscle relaxant
medication administered to relax certain muscles and to relieve the stiffness, pain, and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, or other muscle
injuries
neuromuscular blocker
drug that causes temporary paralysis by blocking the transmission of nerve stimuli to the muscles
Ergonomics
study of the human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
Occupational therapy
activities to promote recovery and rehabilitation to assist patients in normalizing their ability to perform the activities of daily living (ADL)
Physical therapy
treatment to prevent disability or to restore functioning through the use of exercise, heat,
massage, and other methods to improve circulation, flexibility, and muscle strength.
Myofascial release
specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Therapeutic ultrasound
utilizes high-frequency sound waves to treat muscle injuries by generating heat deep within muscle tissue
RICE
acronym for the most common first aid treatment of muscular injuries; letters stand for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
fasciotomy (fash-ee-OT-oh-mee)
surgical incision through the fascia to relieve tension or pressure
Fascioplasty (FASH-ee-oh-plas-tee)
surgical repair of fascia
Tenodesis (ten-ODD-eh-sis)
surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
Tenolysis (ten-OL-ih-sis)
release of a tendon from adhesions
tenectomy (teh-NECK-toh-mee),
the surgical resection of a portion of a tendon or tendon sheath
Tenoplasty (TEN-oh-plas-tee)
surgical repair of a tendon
Tenorrhaphy (ten-OR-ah-fee)
surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon
tenotomy (teh-NOT-oh-mee)
is the surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity caused by the abnormal shortening of a muscle, such as strabismus
myectomy (my-ECK-toh-mee)
surgical excision of a portion of a muscle
Myoplasty (MY-oh-plas-tee)
surgical repair of a muscle
Myorrhaphy (my-OR-ah-fee)
is the surgical suturing a muscle wound
myotomy (my-OT-oh-mee)
surgical incision into a muscle