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Imperialism and WWI
Ch. 28, Sections 1-9
Terms in this set (25)
Reasons why the U.S. wanted more land
Economy/ trades selling goods to other countries. The influx of immigrants and an economic depression in the U.S. To be a great power like Great Britain, the U.S. needed to control the seas and dominate international commerce and the Panama canal. Need colonies so the steam ships could refill. Nationalism and pride in one's "country". Resources from other places.
Reasons why people were against Imperialism
They did not want diversity of races. Conquering people is not what Democracy stands for. America needed to fix its own problems first.
Reasons why people were for Imperialism
That it would be benevolent and bring "a new day of freedom" to those people. Trade and economic was a necessity.
Arguments for U.S. Expansionism
It would open up new markets for U.S. products. It would follow in line with other great nations of the world that take over other lands. Expansionism would open up new places to establish mines and plantations.
Arguments against U.S. Expansionism
That it was contrary to American values. It might cause revolutions abroad. Nonwhites could never learn American values. The U.S. could be powerful without taking over other lands.
Causes of the Spanish-American War
Many Americans believed that the Spanish sunk the Maine and they called for war. Expansionists pushed to annex Cuba and Puerto Rico to enforce the Monroe Doctrine and keep European powers out of the Western Hemisphere. American read news of the suffering Cubans under Spanish rule and became willing to go to war for Cuba.
Three results of the Spanish-American War
Spanish ceded Guam to the United States. Cuba gained its independence. Also Puerto Rico came under U.S. rule.
Why were Filipino fighters willing to ally themselves with Admiral Dewey and the United States?
They were willing because they believed that Dewey would help them gain independence.
Why did they eventually feel betrayed by the United States?
They eventually felt betrayed because the United States bought the Philippines from Spain instead of allowing it to become an independent nation.
U.S. Expansionist Speech Bubble
This is a great day for America! We have a brand new harbor, and we will show the Filipinos a superior way of life.
Anti-Imperialist Speech Bubble
The acquisition of the Philippines is wrong! We are creating a society with first and second class citizens and ignoring our American values.
How did European countries try to stay safe in the years before 1914?
European countries tried to stay safe by building up their military forces and forming alliances with other countries, which they were promised to protect each other in case of attacks.
3 Different types of warfare during World War I
Trench warfare, machine guns, and chemical weapons like poison gas.
Why was the German navy unable to use its surface ships?
They were unable because Britain mined the North Sea, which was the Germans' only access to the ocean.
How did Germany plan to blockade British ships?
Germany planned to blockade British ships by attacking them with U-boats and threatening to sink any ship, even those from neutral countries.
What was the Lusitania and what happened to it?
The Lusitania was a British luxury liner that the Germans sank May 7, 1915.
What promise did Germany make after the Lusitania incident, and how did the promise affect U.S. manufacturers?
Germany promised not to attack merchant and passenger ships without warning. U.S. manufacturers increased their trade with the Allies.
Why did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany on April 6, 1917?
President Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany because the Germans again began sinking merchant ships without warning.
Raising funds for war, producing war supplies, feeding U.S. troops in Europe, and conserving fuel for factories that produce war supplies.
How these needs were met
The government raised money for war through taxes and by selling bonds. Industries produced fewer consumer goods, instead, the government told the factories what to produce for the war effort. Farmers produced more food, American families conserved food by taking part in "Meatless Mondays" and "Wheatless Wednesdays". Americans participated in "heatless Mondays" and "gasless Sundays", the government also introduced daylight savings time.
How did Congress enforce loyalty in the country during wartime?
Congress helped enforce loyalty by passing the Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918. The Espionage Act prohibited interference with the military draft and set severe penalties for spying. The Sedition Act made it a crime to say anything disloyal about the government.
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