22/23 Ch. 13 Medical Terms #1-20

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Terms in this set (20)
diabetes insipidusA condition caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or by the inability of the kidneys to respond to ADH.diabetes mellitusA group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.diabetic retinopathyInjury to the eye that occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina of the eye.electrolytesMineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, normally found in the blood.epinephrineA hormone that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to physical injury or to mental stress such as fear; also known as adrenaline.estrogenA hormone with an important role in the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of the menstrual cycle.exophthalmosAn abnormal protrusion of the eyeball out of the orbit.follicle-stimulating hormoneThe hormone that stimulates the secretion of estrogen and the growth of ova (eggs) in the ovaries of the female. In the male, it stimulates the production of sperm in the testicles (testes).fructosamine testA blood test that measures average glucose levels over the past 3 weeks.gestational diabetes mellitusThe form of diabetes that occurs during some pregnancies