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AP WORLD EXAM
Terms in this set (111)
The Global Tapestry (c. 1200- c. 1450)
Europe, China, South Asia, and regional powers in Africa and the Americas are both building on their paths by infusing traditional religions and philosophies into their societies while also advancing economically and technologically.
Japan installs a shogun
a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan
Delhi Sultanate takes power in northern India
The first Islamic government established within India from 1206-1520. Controlled a small area of northern India and was centered in Delhi.
King John of England is forced to sign the Magna Carta
a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges.
Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate
People from Central Asia when united ended up creating the largest single land empire in history.
third of the Islamic Caliphates of the Islamic Empire. The rulers who built their capital in Baghdad after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphs. In started in 750 CE. In the 13th century the Mongols displaced them.
Chinas Song Dynasty falls
How did the Song Dynasty prosper?
Political corruption and invasions from external tribes
Renaissance writer Dante Alighieri dies
Italian poet, writer and philosopher. He made significant contributions to the early Renaissance and many of his ideas and themes were developed by later writers, artists, and thinkers.
Mali King Mansa Musa starts haaj to Mecca
King Mansa Musa
King of the Mali Empire; took thousands of people and tons of gold; gave away so much gold that it's value dropped for a while; brought back Muslim scholars to build mosques and schools in Timbuktu
A religious pilgrimage to Mecca
Holy city of Islam
Aztecs find the city of Tenochtitlan
Also known as Mexica, they created a powerful empire in central Mexico (1325-1521 C.E.). They forced defeated peoples to provide goods and labor as a tax.
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
Social trends of (1200-1450) period of time
Increased use of stable hierarchies
Political trends of (1200-1450) period of time
Increase in state control and bureaucracies
Interaction with Environment during (1200-1450)
changed environments via canals, agriculture, cities and roads to meet societies' needs
Cultural trends of (1200-1450) period of time
religions and philosophies built upon past teachings and spread across state borders
Economical trends of (1200-1450) period of time
trade increased urbanization and created a more interconnected world
Technological trends of (1200-1450) period of time
with political and economic stability, new technologies could be developed and spread
made up of all the people who work for the government.
Song Dynasty start
formed based on the abilities of the people versus their wealth and nobility
Civil Service Exam System started under the __________ and reemerged under the _____ and _____
Han Dynasty, Tang, Song
Based on their abilities, they would take a series of exams that would award them greater power and influence. A person who passed any one level of these exams entered a new social class:
the scholar gentry
What dynasties caused the Chinese to economically develop (2)
Tang and Song
a system in which people or groups are ranked according to their status
Since the Han dynasty, what social structure did China have?
done to make women more desirable for men as well as a sign of wealth
founded and spread quickly in the 600s.
believed to be the last true prophet of Allah
House of Islam
Islamic region of Spain
the first dynasty of Arab caliphs whose capital was Damascus
when did the Muslim expansion stop
in France at the Battle of Tours
region below the Hindu Kush mountains and Himalayas
The Hindu caste system created a hierarchy of power that was both .... and ....
religious and inherited
polytheistic faith that is probably best known because of its belief in samsara, or reincarnation.
South Asia's development was largely impacted by .... and ....
buddhism and islam
These were several different kingdoms shown in India before the time of the British. Wealth, Sexism, and Warrior-like honor is emphasized.
Indian Ocean Trade Network
The world's largest sea-based system of communication and trade before 1500ce
Khmer Empire (time period)
802 to 1431
A temple complex built in the Khmer Empire and dedicated to the Hindu God, Vishnu.
Srivijaya Empire (time period)
600s to 1200s
Majapahit Kingdom (time period)
1293 to 1520
Strait of Malacca.
Body of water connecting the Indian and Pacific Ocean near Singapore
A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means
250 to 1550
They settled in the Yucatan Peninsula, not far from the Olmecs. A very cultural and intellectual people who used astronomy to create and very accurate calendar.
a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Fall of the Maya empire
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
The Aztecs practiced ......
Aztec god of sun and war
a Mesoamerican civilization in the Andes Mountains in South America that by the end of the 1400s was the largest empire in the Americas including much of what is now Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Chile; conquered by Pizarro
labor tax formed by the Axtecs
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Both the Aztec and Inca were ..... and ......
animists and polytheists
Belief in many gods
Port city of Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university.
the first language of nearly one-third of all Africans
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 C.E.
A West African storyteller
The exchange of land for goods and services. Regional prince or lord is dominant, and the highest virtues are trust and fidelity.
top is the monarch in developing Europe
pieces of land given to vassals by their lord
people of high rank
lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord -- in a military capacity
a warrior in medieval Europe who protected kings wealth and power
A person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times
A rotational system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one grows legumes, and one lies fallow. It gradually replaced two-field system in medieval Europe.
plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; land left unseeded; to plow but not seed
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France.
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy
Concordat of Worms
allowed the Pope of the Catholic Church to appoint bishops in HRE but gave the king the ability to veto those choices
Hundred Years War (time period)
1337 to 1453
what type of conflict led to the Hundreds Year War
competition for trade, land, and resources
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
The Hundreds Year War created a new spirit of _____ and an end to ____
Battle of Tours (time period)
Battle of Tours
European armies defeat Muslim armies and stop the spread of Islam in Europe
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
Reconquista (time period)
1100s to 1492
The Catholic Church started the _______ in order to take the Holy Land back from the Muslims
A long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia
A branch of Christianity developed in the Byzantine Empire, after its split from the Roman Empire. It spread throughout the eastern Mediterranean and Russia.
A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul
Europe saw an increase in literacy, urbanization, and connection to the global community in _____ ? (time period)
A mechanical device for transferring text or graphics from a woodblock or type to paper using ink. Presses using movable type first appeared in Europe in about 1450.
The Renaissance is also called the _____
Following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
Renaissance (time period)
1300s to 1600s
Pros of the Renaissance
promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art
While Song China had a large bureaucracy to rule, Japan was very ____ and ____
While the Abbasid Caliphate used religion to help solidify its power, Western European kingdoms were ____ from the power of the _____________
separate, roman catholic church
While the Swahili Coast was very interconnected to trade routes, Western Europe was very ___ to develop because it was ____ these trade routes
The Silk Road connected large empires of the ______ and the ______
Song China, Abbasid Caliphate
Western Europe had no land-based ________ to help it develop
In Europe, the ___________ and ___________ in China promoted larger populations
three-field crop rotation, Champa rice
Which regions of Europe used Islam to unite peoples who were not united before? (2)
Mali Kingdom, Abbasid Caliphate
Both _________ and northern __________ saw an increase in religious diversity
Song Dynasty, India kingdoms
Both _________ and northern __________ saw an increase in religious diversity causing political and religious conflict.
Song Dynasty, India kingdoms
Both Christianity and Buddhism saw various divisions in their faiths causing ______ and _____ conflict
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