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Growth of Towns, Black Death, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation.
Terms in this set (12)
What were the primary causes behind the growth of towns?
Primary causes for the growth of towns were new agricultural developments, new goods available from the Islamic world, lords and nobility die in crusades, serfs and peasants escape from manors during and after crusades.
What were some of the important social/cultural, economic, and political causes of the growth of towns?
New agricultural developments were economic, new goods available from the Islamic world were also economic, lords and nobility dying in crusades was political/social, and serfs and peasants escaping from manors was also political/social.
How was life in towns different from life under feudalism?
The king was less of importance under feudalism because nobleman provided help for the manors. Without feudalism the king had more control over the land.
What was the Black Death?
A devastating plague from 1331-1353 that killed 75-100 million people.
What are its origins and how did it spread?
It is thought to be originated from the Mongol Empire who spread it through trade routes.
What were some of the important social/cultural, economic, and political causes of the Black Death?
A social/cultural cause is that people from around the world were interacting. An economic cause is that many people were trading items which caused it to spread.
What is the Renaissance and what are its causes?
The Renaissance was a rebirth of classical learning and a rediscovery of ancient Rome and Greece. It's causes were to bring back the importance of writing and cultural arts by allowing artists, writers, sculptors, musicians and architects to look back to Greek and Roman times, and seek out ideas and inspiration from ancient texts.
How is Renaissance art different from medieval art?
They used strategies such as the one point perspective, the contrapposto, and the chiarascuro in their art.
What is humanism and how did it inspire the Renaissance?
Humanism is an intellectual movement that is focused on exploring the human experience and it inspired the Renaissance because the Renaissance was about self appreciation.
What is the Protestant Reformation?
Religious reform movement that divided the western church into Catholic and Protestant groups.
What caused the Protestant Reformation to occur and spread?
Martin Luther didn't like the way the Churches were run and didn't like the idea of indulgences. He decided to start Protestantism, spreading it using the printing press.
How did Protestantism challenge Catholicism?
Protestantism challenged Catholicism because in Protestantism people believed that the pope could be wrong and that the bible should be translated from Latin to more known languages such as French, German, and English.
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