14 terms


Less than one month to as much as six months
How long does acute pain last?
Chronic pain
persists past the healing period, no longer protects from harm, diminshes health, causes disability and reduces quality of life
Minority groups and children
tend to have undertreated pain
Nociceptive pain
detected by the peripheral nervous system and sent to the brain via spinal cord
Somatic pain
well localized, constant and sharp, aching, throbiing or gnawing
Visceral pain
cramping and squeezing
Neuropathic pain
chronic and results from long term changes to nervous system, lacks a physiological function
Peripheral neuropathic pain
results from damage to the peripheral nerves such as diabetic neuropathy
how pain gets to the brain
spinothalmamic tract and spinoreticular tract then on to the thalmus and reticular formation and then on to the cortex
Referred pain
percieved in a part of the body distant from the original stimulus, radiates or spreads away from the actual site of pain
used to assess post op pain in young children with cognitive impairment (face, legs, activity, cry, consolability)
Older adults experience LESS pain
Faces scale
scale most appropriate for people with dementia or aphasia
Goal for chronic pain
to improve quality of life and resume enjoyable activites