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Sensory Organs and Endocrine Anatomy
Terms in this set (55)
1. Gustatory receptors are sensitive to dissolved chemicals but insensitive to light. This is due to ____
2. You cannot tell when your small intestines shift position as food enters because you do not have any _____ there.
3. Receptors in your stomach that determine when food enters because the pH changes would be classified as____
4. Bladder fullness is to ___as blood pH is to____
Baroreceptors and chemoreceptors
5. Free nerve endings detect which stimulus/stimuli?
Temperature pain stretch and touch
6. If a friend is talking about someone she knows who lost his special senses, you would correct her when you hear her mention ____because it is not a special sense.
7. _____are receptors in the aorta that monitor the blood pressure.
8. Chemoreceptors are located in all of the following except___
Chemoreceptors are found in carotid bodies, the organs of smell, the organs of taste, and aortic bodies, but not located in the skin.
9. Why is it that one cannot identify the location of internal organs, although joints and bone location can be identified? T
he internal organs have no proprioceptors like joints, bones, and muscles.
10. Function of Olfactory glands? (see textbook)
Olfactory glands produce mucus that is secreted onto the olfactory epithelium. The mucus moistens the epithelium & dissolves odorants
11. Olfactory information is first received by which part of the brain?
12. As we age, what happens to the number of taste buds?
The number of the taste buds decreases
13. Which of the following is not one of the six primary taste sensations?
14. Tears pass through which of the following structures before emptying into the nasal cavity?
15. Which structure of the eye is the most sensitive but contains no blood vessels?
16. Which of the following is a function of the pigmented layer of the retina?
Absorb light passing through the neural layer
17. Jonathan received a strong blow to the eye. The eyeball remained intact but he suddenly could not see. This has likely caused ____
A detached retina
18. Which of the following is false concerning lacrimal glands?
They produce a strongly hypertonic fluid.
19. What structure changes the shape of the lens for far and near vision?
20. The vitreous body (function)?
Keep the center of the eye clear so that light can get to the retina and vision can begin. Allow oxygen and nutrients to flow from the front of the eye to the back of the eye.
21. A ray of light entering the eye will encounter the following structures in which order?
Conjunctiva → cornea → aqueous humor → lens → vitreous body → retina
22. Light refraction takes place at the_____
Cornea and lens
23. There are three different types of cones, each one sensitive to different light energies. These cones are designated ____
Red, green, blue
24. Which of the following descriptions best matches the term basilar membrane?
It moves up and down due to currents in the perilymph
25. The structure attached to the oval window that transmits vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear is the_____
26. The function of the auditory tube is to _____
Protect, aerate and drain the middle ear
27. Which of the following is true of the endocrine system?
It responds slowly but effectively for maintaining homeostatic functions
28. Endocrine cells (function)
Cells that release hormones into the bloodstream
29. Hormonal actions on cells affect all of the following except
Thickness of the plasma membrane.
30. Cells that respond to a hormone are called ___ cells.
31. The most complex endocrine responses involve the___
32. Excess secretion of growth hormone during early development will cause__
33. Abnormally low production of LH and FSH results in____
34. Mental and physical sluggishness and low body temperature may be signs of____
35. If a patient is administered a powerful glucocorticoid (such as prednisone) to suppress the immune system, what unintended effects might this have on blood chemistry?
Both an increase of insulin and an increase in blood glucose
36. Which gland is called the "emergency gland" and helps the body adjust to stress?
37. Which hormone may be prescribed in chronic inflammatory disorders such as Lupus?
38. The condition known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD) may be caused by
Increased levels of melatonin.
39. Type II diabetes is characterized by_____
A lack of response by target cells to insulin.
40. Increased aggressive and assertive behavior is associated with an increase in which of the following hormones?
41. In the morning when Tom woke up, he saw a white gritty substance at the corner of his eye. This substance is possibly produced by____
42. A cluster of cells called Islets of Langerhans is seen in___
43. Glucagon increases the blood glucose level while insulin decreases the blood glucose level. This process is called____
The antagonistic effect
44. The free margins of the upper and lower eyelids are connected by____
45. Chicken/beef broths and Parmesan cheese are sensed by___
46. The external auditory canal ends at the____
47. The structure that overlies the organ of Corti is the___
48. The senses of equilibrium and hearing are provided by receptors of the___
49. The pituitary hormone that stimulates melanocytes to produce melanin is___
MSH (melanocyte-stimulating hormone)
50. The hormone oxytocin____
Stimulates uterine contractions and lactation
51. A hormone that can lower blood levels of calcium ion is____
52. Hormone that helps to develop T cells is____
53. The adrenal medulla produces____
Epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine
54. The exocrine portion of the pancreas produces____
55. The hormone that increases the blood levels of calcium is____
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
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