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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (39)
What are two differences between political parties and interest groups?
Political parties try to win spots for office and they focus on all info. Interests don't run for office and focus on one thing.
Is the Democrat Political Party Ideology more Liberal or Conservative?
Liberal ideology. More government.
Is the Republican Political Party Ideology more Liberal or Conservative?
Conservative. Less government.
How does a primary election differ from a general election?
Primary is held between the same political party. General is one representing the party.
What is an incumbent?
Running to stay in office
What are your Civic responsibilities?
Things you must do to participate in the gov. EX. 18 signing up to do jury duty, obeying laws, etc
In State-level politics, what is an initiative?
Citizens making law on their own.
Which amendment features the "equal protection clause"?
What does the government have to provide in order to seize property for public use (5th amendment eminent domain)?
They must pay the property value of the land.
What protections are given to citizens in the 6th amendment?
Right to a public and speedy trial. You can get a lawyer.
How does the exclusionary rule work in regards to the 4th amendment protection from unreasonable searches and seizures?
If authority does not have a warrant and finds items against you they can't hold it against your case.
As part of the first amendment, what does the establishment and the free exercise clause protect citizens from?
Protects right of religion
What does the 2nd amendment protect?
Right to bare arms
What is the Bill of Rights?
Protects your civil liberties. Protection from the government.
What is the main role of the Judicial Branch?
How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?
In regards to the Supreme Court, what is the RULE OF FOUR?
4 out of the 9 have to vote to hear the case
What is it called when the Supreme Court rules a law to be unconstitutional?
The supreme court decides if it is violating people's rights
The President, Cabinet, and Bureaucracy are all part of what branch of Government?
How long is a Presidential term?
4 years ; max 2 terms
What is an Executive order?
Order declared by the president that can go past all laws. Actions need to be made fast.
If the President vetoed a bill, which branch of government would they be checking?
Regulating the power of the legislative branch
What is the main job of the Legislative branch?
To create laws
What are the two chambers of the Legislative Branch (Congress) called?
House of representatives and the Senate
What is a Bill?
Idea for a law
How does representation in the Senate differ from representation in the House of Representatives?
Senate rep is equal. HOR varies by population of the state
How many members are in the House of Representatives? How many in the Senate?
50 senators ; 435 HoR only changes when state lines are redrawn.
What is Federalism?
Idea of multiple layers in the government
What are some powers that only the Federal Government has (state & local don't have)?
Can coin money and declare war
What does the Supremacy Clause state?
When conflict between state and federal law, federal will win
What were the states considered to be before they were free and who did they belong to?
They were the colonies of Great Britain.
What was the name of the first formal Government in the United States and why did it ultimately fail?
Articles of Confederation gave too much power.
The three big conflicts during the Constitutional Convention were between what groups?
Northern and southern states. Slavery, large population and small population rep of congress by population of state. Federalists and anti fed.
What was the debate between Federalists and Antifederalists primarily about?
Size and power of natural gov.
How did the Founding Fathers choose to account for slaves in the population?
They counted slaves as ⅗ of a person
What is the name of the document that outlines the powers of the Federal Government?
What do the 50 stars and 13 stripes of the United States Flag represent?
50 states and 13 original colonies
What is the position of Chief Executive for Missouri called?
What is the name of the Missouri's Legislative body?
Missouri General Assembly.
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Magruder's American Government
Magruder's American Government (Texas)
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Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
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