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35 terms

Naming muscles

Muscle terminology and roots
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Parallel Muscles
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the body
Convergent muscles
Fascicles extend over a broad area and converge on a single attachment
Pennate muscles
Fascicles form a common angle with the tendon
Origin
The place where the muscle is fixed in
-- non moving end
Insertion
The site where the movable end of a muscle attaches to another structure
Genio- (geneion)
Chin
Glossus
Tongue
Rectus
"straight" parallel muscles whose fires generally run along the long axis of the body
Transversus/oblique
Fibers run across or at an oblique angle to the longitudinal axis of the body
Externus/superficialis
Muscles visible at the body surface
Internus/profundus
Deeper muscles
Extrinsic
Superficial muscles that position or stabilize an organ
Intrinsic
Muscles located entirely within an organ
Cep- (caput)
Head
-- biceps brachii (bi- + caput = 2 heads)
Longus/longissimus
Long / longest
Teres
Long and round
Brevis
Short muscles
Magnus/major/maximus
Big/bigger/biggest
Minor/minimus
Smaller/smallest
abdomen
(location by body region) abdomen
elbow
(location by body region) anconeus
auricle of ear
(location by body region) auricularis
brachium
(location by body region) brachialis
head
(location by body region) capitis
wrist
(location by body region) carpi
neck
(location by body region) cervicis
clavicle
(location by body region) cleido / clavius
coccyx
(location by body region) coccygeus
ribs
(location by body region) costalis
skin
(location by body region) cutaneous
femur
(location by body region) femoris
chin
(location by body region) genio
tongue
(location by body region) glosso / glossal
great toe
(location by body region) hallucis
ilium
(location by body region) ilio