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Terms in this set (32)
A policy in which a strong nation takes over other countries politically, socially, and economically.
The controlling of colonies; another name for imperialism
A nation that controls a colony
an independent country whose policies are controlled by an outside power
a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
land with different territories, many cultures, many languages and peoples under a single rule
Motivations of Imperialism
Exploratory, Economic, Ideological, Religious, Political
Economic Motivations for Imperialism
-Take natural resources (diamonds, gold, ivory, etc.)
-Make money by selling things made in factories
Political Motivations for Imperialism
More colonies equals more power and influence
Ideological Motivations for Imperialism
-Europeans thought they were better than other people and wanted to teach others how to be good (known as the White Man's Burden)
White Man's Burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
The belief that only the fittest survive - used as the strongest nations survive in imperialism
Religious Motivations for Imperialism
Exploratory Motivations for Imperialism
Wanted to find new land and new cultures
War of the Golden Stool
Ashanti lost against the British in an attempt to fend off British rule. The British eventually won.
Nana Yaa Asantewaa
Leader of the Ashanti who heroically hid the Golden Stool so the British could not take it
Maji Maji Rebellion
Rebellion (1905) of east Africans of Tanzania that sought to defeat the Germans. Tanzanians rebelled due to taxes and Germans taking over their land. Lasted 2 years.
Herero people in Southwest Africa rebelled against German rule. German commander gave orders to shoot any Herero or Nama people on German land. This is considered a genocide.
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Independent African nations
Ethiopia and Liberia
King Leopold II of Belgium
The king of Belgium who colonized the Congo and sent expeditions into central Africa
King of Belgium known for his cruel treatment of native peoples of the Congo.
Most of the wealth extracted was used for Leopold's personal gains. Millions of locals were killed and millions were maimed [feet/hands chopped off] if they resisted the Belgian's dictatorial rule.
A conflict, lasting from 1899 to 1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa.
Tactics in Boer War
Maxim guns, trench warfare, prison camps
Causes of European imperialism in Asia
Create new markets for trade
Wars between Britain and China; caused by Chinese government's refusal to let Britain continue to sell Opium. China lost and Britain and most other European powers were able to develop a strong trade presence throughout China against their wishes.
Treaty of Nanking
a treaty with Britain and China that gave Hong Kong to Britain, asked China to pay $21 million in reparations, gave British extraterritoriality, and opened 4 cities for trade
Payment for war damages
Right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation while they are abroad
Positive Effects of Imperialism
Built roads, educated and modernized some of the weaker territories, improved medical care and helped establish sanitation
Negative Effects of Imperialism
death, spread of diseases, loss of traditional African culture, contempt for Europeans, haphazard division of African lands
a set amount that was required
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