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Terms in this set (27)
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
the study of heredity
a group of people born and living during the same time
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
Found within the nucleus and carry information about the traits of an organism
genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Two identical alleles for a trait
having two different alleles for a trait
The trait results from the gene that has the most influence; More "powerful".
The trait that results from the gene with the least influence
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of genes for a certain trait.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic messages
The creation of a protein from a DNA template.
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principal component of all cells
monomers of proteins/ Building blocks of proteins
three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
If the DNA has Adenine, the complementary mRNA has
If the DNA has Cytosine, the complementary mRNA has
DNA is only found in the
nucleus (of eukaryotic cells)
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
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