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Arts and Humanities
Cold War Test
Terms in this set (25)
The American diplomat usually associated with the Cold War policy of containment is
George F. Kennan
Which of the following best describes the agreement that ended the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis?
The Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its missiles from Cuba, and the United States agreed not to invade Cuba
How did constant television coverage affect political opinion and perception of the war?
it demonstrated that political leaders were lying about the military situation
Why did South Vietnam fall to the communists after the Paris Peace accords?
American forces withdrew but fighting continued until Saigon fell to the communists.
How did U.S. policy in Vietnam change following the Tet Offensive?
Policy makers thought the war unwinnable and began to negotiate for peace.
How did the President's ability to conduct military operations change following the end of war in Vietnam?
The War Powers Act forced the President to consult with Congress before all military actions.
The Marshall Plan has been called one of the most important pieces of foreign policy in U.S. history. What did the plan do?
Provided $13 billion in loans Western Europe's recovery effort
In the Tonkin Gulf Resolution of 1964 Congress granted President Lyndon Johnson the power to
take military action to protect South Vietnam from North Vietnam
What strategy did President Johnson's advisers Robert McNamara and General Westmoreland insist was necessary to winning the war in Vietnam?
committing more troops and taking a more active role in combat activities
The Truman Doctrine of 1947 pledged that the United States would
support any nation in danger of being over by hostile forces
What prompted the Cuban Missile Crisis?
The construction of medium-range nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba
In this map, the areas in green show the countries
that belonged to the Warsaw Pact.
Which of the following was established after World War II as an international peacekeeping organization?
the United Nations
The political technique known as McCarthyism is best defined as
deliberately slandering one's political opponents with false accusations
Which best describes the "Vietnamization" strategy developed by President Richard Nixon and adviser Henry Kissinger?
to turn over the war to South Vietnamese troops while gradually withdrawing U.S. troops
The Kent State University and Jackson State College massacres occurred during a wave of protests following
the invasion of Cambodia
What can you infer about the Berlin Wall from this photo of an East German soldier leaping over to the western side of the Wall?
It was mainly intended to keep East Germans from escaping to the West.
What was the U.S. plan for the Bay of Pigs invasion?
Armed Cuban exiles launched from offshore U.S. boats would land on the beach and encourage the Cuban people to rise up and revolt against Castro
Sputnik cased a panic among some Americans because it demonstrated
Soviet advances in the space race
What was a significant turning point in the Korean War?
China's entry into the war
Shelters such as this represented American concern about
a potential nuclear attack during the Cold War.
Secretary of State Dulles's approach to war can best be described as
Why did the United States take part in the Korean War?
to contain the potential spread of Communism
Winston Churchill used the term "Iron Curtain" to refer to
the border between Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe
In this text, Barowsky was discussing how the Berlin Airlift
succeeded in showing that the Soviet Union could be challenged.
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