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Arts and Humanities
America in the First World War
Terms in this set (34)
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country, it created strong rivalries and civil unrest in Europe that let to World War I
America's annexation of the Philippines in 1899 was only one example where a more advanced state would take control over a distant territory. European rivalries simmered over territory in Africa and Asia in the 19th century. This was one of the MAIN causes of World War I and turned a European war into a global conflict.
Insecure European powers sought agreements guaranteeing their security. The Triple Alliance and Entente Cordiale were two results of this MAIN cause of World War I
Industrial technology and insecurity drove European powers to organize their societies in such a way to protect their independence from their rivals elevating the plans of generals to create thie MAIN cause of the First World War
Nationalism in this small Balkan nation would trigger a political assassination and the "falling dominos" that brought about the imedite cause of World War I
Its mobilization of its military in defense of Serbia against Austria brought a response from Germany. Less than 4 years later, its government collapsed and it left the allies to become the world's first communist state.
This relatively new European state allied with Austria to seek protection against French hostility and its eastern ally Russia. At the end of World War I, it had to accept full responsibility for the war when it signed the Versailles treaty
British passenger ship sunk by a German U-boat --> 1198 dead including 128 Americans. key issue: American right to sail on belligerent ships. Germany had to stop U-boat attacks, respect neutral rights. Sec. of State William Jennings Bryan resigned (real neutrality did not exist)
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S. when it felt it had to return to unrestricted submarine warfare
German military technology whose deployment would draw America into the Great War
The most common source of global mortality (death) during The Great War
While this American President ran for reelection in 1916 by claiming he kept America out of the war, he would declare war on Germany in 1917 without the full support of Congress
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
League of Nations
While President Wilson saw its establishment as necessary to keep world peace, the Senate worried that it would commit America to future wars in Europe, so they refused to sign a peace treaty that included America's membership in this multi-national organization
Most of the fighting on the western front occurred in this country which suffered the greatest percentage of casualties of any nation in World War I
Paris suburb where the great powers met to work out the conditions for peace with the Central Powers. The peace treaty signed here did not last 20 years.
Taking effect at 11:00 AM on November 11th (now celebrated as Veterans Day in America), it signaled the end of fighting on the Western Front of World War I
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft. It was a more pleasant way to describe conscription and it did not begin until after war was declared
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. This was a primary aim of the Committee on Public Information directed by George Creel
The Sedition Act
1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government in order to support the war effort
The Lost Battalion
The name given to nine units of the United States 77th Division, roughly 554 men, isolated by German forces during World War I after an American attack in the Argonne Forest in October 1918. Roughly 197 were killed in action and approximately 150 missing or taken prisoner before 194 remaining men were rescued. They were led by Major Charles White Whittlesey.
Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace
The Muse-Argonne Campaign
America's primary effort to bring about the final collapse of Germany's effort to break French defenses and win victory in October 1918
A new technology in WWI used for reconnaissance then later for fighting and bombing.
These new mechanized weapons used during WWI increased loss of life from previous wars. It forced the war to become a defensive stalemate
no man's land
Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous and crossed by barbed wire and littered with corpses and artillery craters
large-caliber guns used in warfare on land, they were used in such large scale in World War I to render many combatants
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire, they were fighting against the Allies that originally included Russia, France and The British Empire. Italy joined them in 1915 and the US in 1917
Referring to France, this popular World War I era song encouraged American men to join the military.
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and encourage limits on food consumption like meatless and wheatless days to save food for the military.
When an offensive war in France bogged down in the trenches, the Germans turned to this strategy to kill as many French soldiers as possible to wear out the nation by bleeding it white. This can be seen in the bloody battle of Verdun in 1916.
Segregated in the American army, many of these people served with distinction under French command where they were not faced with racial discrimination.
Refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles because it brought America into the League of Nations, they blocked President Wilson's strong efforts to help guarantee Europe's peace after World War I.
This Austrian-born corporal in the German army was able to capitalize on German anger coming out of the Treaty of Versailles. He would use this anger to organize German society to avenge the outcome of World War I.
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