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Terms in this set (14)
What is Climate? How is it different than weather?
Climate - average over many decades (long term)
Weather - what's happening right now
What scales of climate are there? (micro, meso, macro, global)
Micro - grass level to global (earth itself)
What are the primary climate controllers
latitude, ocean, wind, direction topography
Global precipitation - where and why are the wettest areas where they are?
Wettest - near the equator (ITCZ)
asia to parts of south and central america
What do mountains do to climate zones?
As you increase elevation you go from one climate zone to another.
Ex) It can be warm at the base of a mountain and below freezing at the top
Climate Classification - Koppen system - vegetation used to predict climate -why?
Plants will not grow in certain places because of certain temperatures
Know the 6 primary climate regions
Tropical, Mesothermal, Microthermal, Polar, Desert, Highland
rainforest - rains all year
monsoon - rains majority of the year
savanna - rains 3-4 months of the year
Mesothermal - Humid subtropical -Charlotte's zone
Humid Subtropical - summers are warm/rain all year along/mild winters
Microthermal - what is the difference between mesothermal?
Microthermal - average below freezing (chicago, nyc)
winter time temperatures are much colder
Polar - Tundra, Icecap and Icesheet
Tundra - Below freezing for most of the year
Icecap - never get above freezing
Icesheet - never get above freezing
Mountains (classified individually)
Arid/Semi-arid (desert and steppe) - how are they defined?
How much is evaporation and transpiration off of plants.
(Arid) Desert - more water is leaving than coming in
Steppe - 10-20 in of rain per year
Plants that grow in deserts, drought tolerant
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